Testing and Individual Differences Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Testing and Individual Differences Deck (71)
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1

standardized

tested on a standardization sample and made to fit norms

2

standardization samples

a group of people representative of the people who normally will take the test

3

reliability

results are consistent; can be duplicated

4

split-half reliability

test is split into two, each half is tested, if the scores are consistent, then the test is reliable (the closer the correlation is to +1, the more reliable)

5

equivalent-form reliability

correlation between performance on different forms of the test

6

test-retest reliability

correlation between a person's score on one administration of the test with the same person's score on a subsequent administration of the test

7

valid

measures what it's supposed to measure, accurate

8

face validity

if it looks like it works

9

content validity

how well a measure reflects the entire range of material it's supposed to be testing

10

concurrent validity

measures how much of a characteristic a person has now

11

predictive validity

measures future performance

12

construct validity

correlates the new test with another already-proved-to-be-valid test

13

aptitude test

test that measures ability or potential

14

achievement test

test that measures what one has accomplished or learned

15

speed test

large number of questions asked in a short amount of time, insufficient time is given

16

power test

questions are asked in increasing difficulty level, sufficient time is given

17

group test

test administered to a large group of people, less expensive, more objective

18

individual test

test administered on a one-on-one basis, more expensive, less objective

19

intelligence

the ability to gather and use information in productive ways

20

fluid intelligence

the ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new information and skills, seems to decrease over time

21

crystallized intelligence

the ability to use knowledge accumulated over time, seems to stay the same or increase over time

22

Charles Spearman

intelligence theorist

23

L.L. Thurstone

primary mental ability theory has seven main abilities: verbal comprehension, word fluency, number facility, spatial visualization, associative memory, perceptual speed and reasoning

24

J.P. Guilford

primary mental ability theory has well over 100 different abilities

25

Howard Gardner

multiple intelligences theorist

26

Daniel Goldman

supports EQ (emotional intelligence)

27

EQ (emotional intelligence)

ability to identify, assess, and control the emotions of oneself, of others, and of groups; helps people achieve what they want to achieve

28

Robert Sternberg

created triarchic theory, which consists of

29

componential/analytic intelligence

the ability to compare and contrast, explain, and analyze

30

experiential intelligence

the ability to use their knowledge and experiences in new and creative ways