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Flashcards in Pathology of Ischemic CV Disease Deck (22)
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1

What are the 3 parts of Virchow's Triad?

1. endothelial injury

2. abnormal blood flow

3. hypercoagulability

2

In what layer of the BV does an atheroma develop?

the intima

3

What are the complications of an aneurism?

1. extravasation of blood --> hematoma

2. tear in intima --> dissection

4

Aortic dissection most commonly occurs with underlying ______.

HTN

5

What is a double-barreled aorta?

when the aortic intima is torn twice, allowing blood return into the lumen

6

What are the s/s of an aortic dissection?

sudden, excruciating pain that radiates to the back

7

What is a Type A aortic dissection?

involves the ascending aorta

8

What is a Type B aortic dissection?

dissections beyond the takeoff of the great vessels

9

What is an aortic dissection beyond the takeoff of the great vessels?

a type B aortic dissection

10

What aortic dissection involves the ascending aorta?

a type A aortic dissection

11

Is a type A or B aortic dissection worse? Why?

type A -- it can travel down into the coronary arteries

12

How is atherosclerosis ID'd?

fibrofatty plaques on the intima

13

What is Mönckeberg's medial calcific sclerosis?

Calcification of media of muscular arteries that does not encroach on vessel lumen

14

What is the most common aortic aneurism?

abdominal

15

What is intermittent chest pain caused by reversible
myocardial ischemia?

angina pectoris

16

What is angina pectoris?

Intermittent chest pain caused by reversible myocardial ischemia

17

What is Prinzmetal’s (variant) angina?

chest pain that occurs at rest/during sleep due to vasospasm

18

What is chest pain that occurs at rest/during sleep due to vasospasm called?

Prinzmetal’s (variant) angina

19

If you have R dominant circulation, like most people, the _____ supplies the _____.

RCA; posterior L ventricle

20

If you have ______, like most people, the RCA supplies the posterior L ventricle.

R dominant circulation

21

If you have _____, the L circumflex coronary artery branches supply the posterior L ventricle.

L dominant circulation

22

If you have L dominant circulation, the ______ branches supply the _______.

L circumflex coronary artery; posterior L ventricle