Pathoma- Dissection and Aneurism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathoma- Dissection and Aneurism Deck (16)
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1

What is pericardial tamponade?

blood in the pericardial sac

1

How does a AAA present?

pulsatile abdominal mass, flank pain

2

Where do aortic dissections usually occur?

the proximal 10 cm

2

What is the most common complication of a thoracic aneurism?

dilatation of the aortic valve root

3

What does fibrillin do?

it's the molecule upon which elastic fibers are laid down

3

Where does a AAA occur?

below the renal arteries, but above the aortic bifurcation

4

Name an acquired disease that causes weakness of the aortic wall and dissection.

tertiary syphilis

5

What is an aortic dissection?

a tear of the intima, so blood goes thru the media

6

How does the wall become weak in AAA?

atherosclerosis (usu male smokers over age 60)

7

What is the most common cause of aortic dissection?

HTN

9

What is the most common complication of aortic dissection? What does it lead to?

pericardial tamponade; death

11

What is an inherited defect of fibrillin called?

Marfan's Syndrome

11

How does the wall become weak in AAA?

atherosclerosis (usu male smokers over age 60)

12

Where does a AAA occur?

below the renal arteries, but above the aortic bifurcation

15

Name an acquired disease that causes weakness of the aortic wall and dissection.

tertiary syphilis

16

What is a genetic defect of collagen called?

Ehler's Danlos Syndrome