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Flashcards in Pathoma: CHD Deck (18)
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1

Infantile coarctations are associated with ____ (another CHD) and ____ (syndrome).

PDAs; Turner Syndrome

2

Ostium primum, a type of ASD, is associated with ____.

Down Syndrome

2

What is a known cause of PDA?

congenital rubella

2

What develops because of coarctations?

collateral development --> notching of ribs on xray

3

A holosystolic machine-like murmur is diagnostic for?

PDA

4

Why do only the lower extremities become cyanotic in PDA?

bc the ductus attaches after the branching of the first 3 main arteries on the aorta, so their blood supply is not affected

5

Adult PDA is associated with ____.

a bicuspid aortic valve

6

____, a type of ASD, is associated with Down Syndrome.

Ostium primum

6

How do coarctations present?

cyanosis of the lower extremities

7

What is osteum secundum?

the most common type of ASD

8

What is the drug tx for PDA?

indomethacin

11

What is the most common type of ASD?

osteum secundum

13

Squatting in response to a cyanotic spell is a symptom of what disorder?

Tetrology of Fallot

14

What will the xray findings be in Tetrology of Fallot?

a boot-shaped heart

15

What are an important complication of ASDs?

paradoxical emboli

16

A L to R shunt with a split S2 is diagnostic for?

ASD

17

Adult coarctation is associated with ____.

a bicuspid aortic valve

18

What is a known cause of VSD?

fetal alcohol exposure