Pediatric oncology I Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Hematology > Pediatric oncology I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatric oncology I Deck (8)
1

what is the most common childhood cancer?

leukemia

2

what is the most common cancer in adolescents?

hodkin lymphoma

3

what are the concerning signs and symptoms for leukemia?

1. unexplained fever over 101 for over 7 days
2. petechiae
3. unexplained anemia / pallor
4. generalized lymphadenopathy
5. hepatosplenomegaly
6. bone / joint pain

4

what are the symptoms of brain tumors in children?

headaches, vomiting

5

lymph nodes are considered large if over what size? what are the exceptions?

1. 10 mm
2. epitrochlear - greater than 5 mm
3. inguinal - greater than 15 mm

6

which is considered to be more indicative of malignancy - generalized or regional lymphadenopathy? what is the exception?

1. generalized
2. EBV

7

when is lymph node biopsy suggested?

1. enlargement after 2-3 weeks
2. undimished at 6-8 weeks
3. abnormal chest x ray

8

what is the cause of most of the pain associated with cancer?

bone, nerve, or visceral involvement or encroachment