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Flashcards in psych Deck (61)
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31

schizotypal disorder

strikingly odd, peculiar notions, ideas of reference, illusions, magical thinking, and derealization

32

treatment of extrapyramidal side effects (torticollis) of haloperidol

benztropine
anticholinergic agent
reverses haloperidol action (high affinity for D2 receptor) of blocking dopamine receptors

33

uses of diazepam

hypnotic, sedative, anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant
treats chorea as muscle relaxant

34

fluphenazine

can induce potent D2 dopaminergic receptor blockade
alternative to haloperidol

35

prochlorperazine

typical antipsychotic agent with potent antidopaminergic effects

36

cocaine mech of action

prevents the reuptake of NE, dopamine, and serotonin by presynaptic transporter pumps in the central and peripheral nervous systems

37

phencyclidine

aggressive and impulsive behavior, nystagmus, and tachycardia
NBDA receptor antagonist

38

barbiturates cause

respiratory depression and act by increasing BAGA activity by increasing the duration of Cl- channel opening

39

Bretylium and guanethidine

prevent fusion of presynaptic vesicles with the presynaptic membrane resulting in an inhibition of the release of NE into the synapse

40

What drug causes tardive dyskinesia

fluphenazine and haloperidol
result of long-term antipsychotic use

41

side effects of clozapine

atypical antipsychotic
agranulocytosis

42

side effects of lithium

nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, nausea, anorexia and mild diarrhea

43

ziprasidone

atypical antipsychotic
associated with QT prolongation and the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias

44

olanzapine

atypical antipsychotic blocks both serotonin and dopamine receptors
can treat both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia

45

sertraline

SSRI
can cause serotonin syndrome when combined with MAO-I

46

Nortryptiline

TCA
associated with the 3 C's
convulsions, coma, and cardiotoxicity

47

schizophreniform disorder

schizophrenia less than 6 months

48

schizoaffective disorder

symptoms of schizophrenia as well as those of mood disorder

49

Pellagra

thickened skin with the 3 D's
dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia
niacin (B3 deficiency)
deficiency of tryptophan absorption

50

arginine is a precursor of

creatine, urea, and nitric oxide

51

phenylalanine is a precursor of

tyrosine, dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine

52

tyrosine is a precursor of

dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine

53

how does depression effect sleep

disrupted sleep
increased time in REM
decreased REM latency
decreased delta waves characteristic of stage 3 and 4
treated with SSRI - fluoxetine

54

lysergic acid diethylamide is

LSD
hallucinations, delusion, and dilated pupils

55

Methylphenidate is used to treat, by what mechanism

ADHD
increases presynaptic release of NE

56

buproprion is used to treat
what pt population is it contraindicated for

antidepressant
contraindicated in pts with anorexia nervosa because it increases the risk of seizure in this population

57

an SSRI that treats both depression and anorexia

fluoxetine

58

an atypical antidepressant that induces weight gain

mirtazapine

59

best choice for first line treatment of delirium tremens

long-acting benzodiazepine
chlordiazepoxide

60

amitryptiline - class and common SEs

tricyclic anti-depressant

red as a beet, dry as a bone, hot as a hare, blind as a bat,
mad as a hatter, and full as a flask