Flashcards in Section 6C - Code of Conduct Deck (48):
What document outlines the basic responsibilities and obligations of members of the US Armed Forces, particularly as POWs or hostile detainees?
The Code of Conduct
POWs and other members under hostile detention should survive ______ while resisting their captor's exploitation efforts.
How many articles are in the Code of Conduct?
Who must fully understand the Code of Conduct and ensure personnel have the training and education necessary to support it?
DoD personnel who plan, schedule, commit or control the use of the armed forces.
What three considerations dictate the degree of knowledge of the Code of Conduct members require?
1) How likely they are to be captured; 2) their exposure to sensitive information; and 3) how useful or valuable a captor considers them.
How many levels of Code of Conduct training are there?
Three (Levels A, B, and C)
What level of understanding is required at Code of Conduct training Level A (Entry Level Training), and when is it conducted?
The minimum level needed for all members of the armed forces. It is imparted to all personnel during entry training.
What level of understanding at Code of Conduct training Level B (Training After Assumption of Duty Eligibility), and when is it conducted?
The minimum level needed for service members whose military jobs, specialties or assignments entail moderate risk of capture, such as members of ground combat units. (Conducted as soon as their assumption of duty makes them eligible.)
Describe Code of Conduct training Level C (Training Upon Assumption of Duties or Responsibilities).
The minimum level of understanding needed for members whose military jobs, specialties or assignments entail significant or risk of capture and whose position, rank or seniority make them vulnerable to greater-than-average exploitation efforts by a captor.
When is Code of Conduct training Level C conducted?
Upon assumption of the duties or responsibilities requiring Level C training.
The Code of Conduct was first published by President Eisenhower on 17 August 1955. Why did President Reagan amend the Code in March 1988?
To make the language gender-neutral.
What does Article I of the Code of Conduct require you to do?
Always oppose the enemies of the US and support our national interests, in combat or captivity, and be prepared to give your life.
What personal qualities does honorable survival in captivity require?
A high degree of dedication, motivation, and faith in, and loyalty to, POWs.
How can you maintain the qualities necessary for honorable survival in captivity?
Know and strongly believe in the advantages of American democratic institutions and concepts; love and have faith in the US; and have conviction that the US cause is just.
What is required by Article II of the Code of Conduct?
Members of the armed forces may never surrender voluntarily. (Make every effort to avoid capture.)
According to the Code of Conduct, when can the means to resist or evade capture be considered exhausted?
When evasion is impossible and further fighting would lead to death with no significant loss to the enemy. (Capture is permissible without dishonor.)
Which article of the Code of Conduct states that if you are captured, you should continue to resist exploitation by all means available?
May a POW seek special privileges or accept special favors at the expense of fellow POWs?
When pondering escape from communal detention, what must POW consider?
The welfare of POWs who remain behind.
May an American POW ever sign or enter into a parole agreement?
Some captors accuse POWs of being "war criminals" simply because they waged against them. T/F
True. (Know the rights and obligations of captors and POWs under the Geneva Conventions.)
How does a POW's successful escape help the US cause?
It 1) diverts enemy forces; 2) provides the US with valuable information about the enemy and other POWs; and 3) serves as a positive example for all members.
What is expressly forbidden in Article IV of the Code of Conduct?
Informing on or any other action detrimental to a fellow POW.
What is the key to POW camp organization, resistance and survival?
Discipline. (Strong leadership is essential.)
Who must accept command in a POW facility?
The senior military POW, regardless of military service. (If unable to act, the next senior POW assumes command.)
Failure to accept the command of the senior POW may result in what?
Legal proceedings under the UCMJ
A POW who voluntarily informs or _______ with the captor is a traitor to the US and fellow POWs, and is subject to punishment under the UCMJ after repatriation.
According to Article V of the Code of Conduct, what information is a POW required (by the Geneva Conventions) and permitted (by the UCMJ) to give his or her captor?
Name, rank, service number and date of birth. ( A POW may also fill out a Geneva Conventions "capture card", write letters home, and communicate on matters of health and welfare.)
Give seven examples of statements or actions POWs should resist.
1) Oral or written confessions; 2) answering questionnaires; 3) providing personal history statements; 4) making propaganda recordings or broadcast appeals; 5) appealing for US surrender or parole; 6) engaging in self-criticism; and 7) providing oral or written communications on behalf of the enemy that are harmful to the US, it's allies, the armed forces or other POWs.
What is the best way a POW can keep faith with the US, other POWs, and his or her self?
Provide the enemy with as little information as possible.
Name four ways to limit information disclosure when being interrogated.
Claiming you are unable to furnish information because of 1) previous orders; 2) poor memory; 3) ignorance; or 4) lack of comprehension.
A POW is unlikely to prevent a skilled enemy interrogator from obtaining some degree of compliance with captor demands. T/F
True. (Recover as quickly and resist successive efforts.)
What does Article VI of the Code of Conduct state?
You are responsible for your personal actions at all times. (Your actions are subject to review when repatriated.)
The US will use every means to contact, support, and obtain the release of POWs. Will it also support and care for dependent family members of POWs?
When repatriated, POW actions are reviewed for circumstances of capture and conduct during detention. Why?
To recognize meritorious performance and, if necessary, investigate any allegations of misconduct.
Failure to follow the Code of Conduct may result in violations punishable under the UCMJ. T/F
What does DoDI 1300.21, Code of Conduct Training and Education. Enclosure 3, provide?
Guidance to all US military personnel who find themselves isolated from US control in operations other than war or in operations other than war or in a situation not specifically in the Code of Conduct.
Give three examples of exploitation of detained US military personnel by a hostile government or terrorist group.
1) Confessions to crimes never committed; 2) exploitation of international news media; and 3) substantial ransom demands.
What is your duty if you are detained or held hostage by a hostile government or terrorist group?
To survive with honor and make every reasonable effort to prevent or minimize exploitation.
Whether detained by an unfriendly government or held hostage by a terrorist group, what is the key to surviving with your honor intact?
Faith in your country, fellow detainees and yourself. (Maintain military bearing and remain calm, courteous and respectful.)
What frequently results from a detainee, captive or hostage showing aggressive, discourteous, unmilitary behavior?
Unnecessary punishment, or jeopardizing survival and efforts to gain his or her release.
Are US military members protected by the Geneva Conventions when detained by a hostile government during peacetime?
No. (They are subject to the laws of that country.)
When detained during operations other than war, who should American detainees immediately and continually ask to see?
US embassy personnel or a representative of an allied or neutral government.
If you are detained during operations other than war, what information should you provide your captors?
In addition to asking for a US representative, provide name, rank, service number, date of birth, and the innocent circumstances that led to your detention.
Military detainees in operations other than war likely to secure their release through cooperation. T/F
As a military detainee during operations other than war, why must escape attempts be made only after careful consideration?
Escape attempts often provide further justification for detention and may result in violence and be detrimental to the escapee or those left behind.
What is generally the least predictable and structured form of detention in operations other than war?
A terrorist hostage situation.