Sociology & History Comprehensive Exam Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Sociology & History Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sociology & History Comprehensive Exam Deck (124):
1

Who was responsible for mixing all of the materials necessary for Egyptian embalming?

Pollinctor

2

The NFDA was formed in:

1882

3

Who was the first group to exercise strict control over the embalming process?

Kher-heb

4

Which of the following was not among the duties of the sexton:

* Digging the graves
* Tolling the bell
* Directing the procession
* Embalming the body

Embalming the body

5

The Public Health Movement in America was formally launched in 1850 by the publication of the Report of which Sanitary Commission:

Massachusetts

6

Until the Civil War, hearses were nearly always painted:

Black

7

A service commemorating the deceased with the body present

Funeral ceremony

8

The use of an "effigy" became popularized during:

Middle-Ages

9

Founded in 1917, membership is by invitation only

National Selected Morticians

10

Founded in 1919, its original purpose was to provide a variety of advertising programs that were used by area funeral directors

The International Order of the Golden Rule

11

Founded in 1903 its main function is its professional testing service

Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards

12

Founded in 1882, it serves its members in government relations, communications, education, and programs, products, and services to assist them in both the caregiving and business aspects of the profession

National Funeral Directors Association

13

Renamed in 1959, it is the official accrediting agency for mortuary science schools

American Board of Funeral Service Education

14

A soul-shot was:

The mortuary fee in the Middle Ages

15

The goddess of corpses and funerals:

Libitina

16

Who wrote the "History of Embalming"?

Jean Gannal

17

Edwin Chadwick investigated the sanitary conditions in the laboring population of:

Great Britain

18

The easiest way to get from the place of funeral services to the cemetery is by a

Procession

19

The Order Concerning Embalmers was issued by the:

War Department

20

The canopic jars which housed the organs of deceased Egyptians were named after the four sons of:

Horus

21

A reason many gave for their belief that the auto-hearse would be slow in taking hold was:

It was much more expensive than the horse-drawn

22

Who discovered the circulation of blood?

William Harvey

23

Casket selection was mostly made from:

Manufacturers catalog

24

Unlike his English cousin, the Colonial sexton:

Charged a fee for services rendered

25

One of the standard pieces of equipment, and the most common symbol of the funeral procession has been the:

Hearse

26

Which of the following is not a Hebrew mourning custom:

* Fasting
* Tearing the garments
* Bare feet
* Lamentation
* Black clothing

Black clothing

27

Once intramural burial became limited or restricted, and cemeteries were established outside of cities, the need for a better _____ became urgent

Mode of transportation

28

The most common symbol of death during the early New England days was:

Skull & crossbones

29

Although patents were granted as early as 1909, it was not until after WWI that these made their appearance:

Funeral limousine

30

He furnished other undertakers with necessary supplies and paraphernalia:

Furnishings undertaker

31

Egyptians embalmed because of:

* Sanitary reasons
* Religious reasons

32

Who usually supervised the lowering of the casket at the cemetery:

Undertaker

33

This was placed on the tongue and used to pay the Charon for passage over the river Styx to the Elysian Plain in the Ancient Greek custom:

Obol

34

With the appearance of these small but productive businesses the emphasis in the funeral began to shift in the direction of the coffin:

* Coffin shops
* Warehouses

35

Who is considered to be the originator of the arterial injection technique of preserving human remains?

William Hunter

36

Much opposition appeared against embalming due to:

The lack of understanding

37

The _____ makes one person licensed to practice funeral service responsible to a family to try to meet all of their needs

Whole man - total funeral concept

38

Which of the following was not a role of a municipal officer:

Mayor

39

What was often given to each pallbearer at the Dutch funeral as a gift:

Monkey spoon

40

Where did the word embalm get its origin?

* The Latin word balsamum
* The Greek word balsomon
* The French word embaume

41

The first state convention was in:

Jackson, Michigan

42

The corpse cooler was made of:

???

43

The deepest period of mourning was considered in the first:

Six months

44

Delivery times of the casket ranged from 20-38 hours depending on the:

* Distance
* Availability
* Request

45

Of the following tombs listed, which is not associated with the Greeks:

* Stelae
* Bench
* Trapezae
* Kiones
* Naidia

Bench

46

All of the Egyptian methods of embalming involved:

* Evisceration
* Washing the body with expensive perfumes
* Soaking the body in Natron
* All of the above
* None of the above

Soaking the body in Natron

47

German and Scandinavian final disposition were based on:

???

48

During the late Middle-Ages who began experimenting with embalming:

???

49

Dionysius was recognized as:

"The god if wine"

50

Rites with the body present

Funeral

51

Patterns identifiable in all cultures

Cultural universal

52

The science of social group study

Sociology

53

Both funeral and memorial service

Funeral rite

54

Rites without the body present

Memorial service

55

Must behavior enforced by government

Law

56

An action with symbolic content

Ritual

57

Standard of behavior non-compulsive

Folkway

58

Standard of behavior based on sacred beliefs

Religion

59

An action with no symbolic content

Ceremony

60

The method by which social values are learned

Enculturation

61

Abstract patterns of and for living and dying

Culture

62

Dictates what one must not do

Taboos

63

Social values dictated by tradition

Customs patterns

64

Must behavior of the basic and important ideas and acts of people

Mores

65

Devoid of religious connotation

Humanistic funeral

66

Those rites which follow prescribed ritual

Traditional funeral rite

67

Completely devoid of any form of funeral rite

Immediate disposition

68

Contemporary funeral rite

Adaptive funeral rite

69

A rite which deviates from the norm

Non-traditional funeral rite

70

Increased concentrated population

Urbanization

71

Loss of individual identity

Anonymity

72

Relocation

Mobility

73

Loss of craftsmanship

Industrialization

74

Strict departmental standards with little or no variation of the standards

Bureaucratization

75

Moving and living in an area different from or other than the place of birth

Neolocalism

76

Specific act or function dealing with death

Rite

77

Funeral rite identifiable with a pre-literate society

Primitive funeral rite

78

Disposition of human remains devoid of any funeral rite at the time of disposition

Immediate disposition

79

Specified methods of procedure

Rules

80

What did Benjamin Franklin anticipate by nearly two centuries:

Cryonics

81

In 1909, at least two companies were producing motorized vehicles for funeral services with the emphasis on:

* Speed
* Smooth glide to the cemetery

82

Early Hebrews buried their dead on the evening of the day of death because of:

Hygienic necessity

83

In this method the price on the casket or associated with it included the casket, services and facilities of the funeral establishment

Single unit

84

The first formal association organization appeared in 1864 before the Civil War in:

Philadelphia

85

In Egypt, he was in charge of all the others in the funeral process

Kher-Heb

86

Black bordered and dismal they were often crudely and gruesomely decorated with the macabre symbols of death:

Broadside sheets

87

If the family is Catholic the funeral director will contact a _____ to perform the services

Priest

88

The Catholic service can be called a Mass of Christian Burial or a _____

Funeral Mass

89

A decision made at the first national gathering was that the term Funeral Director should replace the term:

Undertaker

90

Which of the following was not an ingredient of early embalming fluid:

* Arsenates
* Poisonous metals
* Chlorides
* Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde

91

The father of American embalming:

Thomas Holmes

92

In Egyptian history, the "City of the Dead":

Necropolis

93

Non-commercial schools were rare because _____

* Limited demand for embalmers
* High cost of instruction

94

Who devised a technique for arterial embalming while searching for a means of inhibiting putrefaction, but did not divulge his media nor operative details

Frederick Ruysch

95

The place of burial was so important to the Hebrew family because:

Family members buried together remained in Sheol together

96

An elongated hollow needle sword-like through which fluids might be injected into and throughout the trunk cavity of the dead:

Trocar

97

The Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead:

Osiris

98

The History of Embalming was originally written in:

French

99

Another name for the Middle Ages was:

Dark-Ages

100

In 1878 Congress proceeded to establish a:

National Board of Health

101

Which artery did Holmes use to embalm:

Femoral

102

The atmosphere of the late 19th century funerals was:

Heavy gloom

103

Hebrews believed that the spirit was found in the:

Blood

104

The funeral director / undertaker first only charged for his:

Merchandise

105

If the family is Jewish the funeral director will contact a _____ to perform the services

Rabbi

106

A waxed death mask of nobility was referred to as:

Effigy

107

The main difference between commercially and non-commercially operated schools was:

Commercial were operated by chemical companies

108

The most popular material used in making caskets was:

Wood

109

What president was the Style "E" State Casket provided for:

Grant

110

The most expensive method of Egyptian embalming consisted of five steps, the last of which was

Bandaging, anointing, and spicing

111

What was the primarily responsible for the formation of "Prayer Guilds" in the Middle Ages?

The Catholic doctrine of purgatory

112

The netherworld of the Hebrews was called:

Sheol

113

The first state to require licenser of embalmers:

Virginia

114

Who, during the process of dissecting over 50 cadavers, developed a system of venous injection which may have inspired others?

Leonardo Da Vinci

115

They were referred to as blood-letters:

Barber-surgeons

116

The following did not play a role in Egyptian undertaking:

* Pollinctor
* Lawyer
* Paraschisties
* Lectarii

Lectarii

117

A.C. Barstow of Providence, Rhode Island in 1859 obtained a patent on a(n) design based on a simple system of overlapping ribs:

Ogee

118

Children's hearses were nearly always painted:

White

119

A sin-eater:

* Received 6 pence for his services
* Was to take up the sins of the dead
* Was an outcast

120

The early coffins were made by:

* Carpenters
* Cabinet makers

121

The correct name for the room where caskets are displayed in a funeral home is _____

Casket selection room

122

The journey known as the Circle of Necessity lead:

To the sun and back

123

Which of the following is not a secondary function served by the wake of the Middle-Ages:

* Cleared those present at the death of any wrong doing
* Welcomed the principal heir to his new home
* Allowed all to witness whether the wealth was being divided equally
* It was a place for the minister to give a fire and brimstone speech

It was a place for the minister to give a fire and brimstone speech

124

The term hearse is now sometimes replaced with the term:

Funeral coach

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