Study Guide 4 Flashcards Preview

Psychology 101-Summer 2015 Paula Frioli-Peters > Study Guide 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Study Guide 4 Deck (17):
1

Rats that received electric shocks were unlikely to develop ulcers if the:

Rats could control the termination of the shocks.

2

In a series of studies, research participants were informed that personality test results indicated they were the type likely to end up alone later in life. As a result, they became ________ likely to underperform on aptitude tests and ________ likely to become aggressive toward those who had excluded them.

More; more.

3

B lymphocytes inhibit ________, whereas T lymphocytes inhibit ________.

Bacterial infections; viral infections.

4

Laura fails to recognize any connection between her unsafe sexual practices and the likelihood of contracting a sexually transmitted infection. Laura's lack of perceptiveness best illustrates the dangers of:

An external locus of control.

5

To alleviate the stress he feels after failing a college course, Jeremy seeks social support from his friends and family. Jeremy's behavior best illustrates:

Emotion-focused coping.

6

In response to stress, the adrenal glands release:

Epinephrine.

7

Which of the following best explains why, for those who are not poor, more money buys little more than a temporary surge of happiness?

The adaptation-level phenomenon.

8

Arjean's opinions are so dependent on what her friends think that she will swallow just about anything they tell her. Freud would have suggested that Arjean demonstrates a:

Fixation.

9

People living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist cultures to report experiencing:

Family loyalty.

10

Research on self-esteem indicates that most people:

View themselves very favorably in comparison to most others.

11

A consistent tendency to be shy is best described as a(n):

Trait.

12

The spillover effect is best explained in terms of:

The two-factor theory.

13

Psychologists have used four perspectives in their efforts to explain motivation. These include an emphasis on instincts, optimum arousal, a hierarchy of motives, and:

Drive reduction.

14

The relaxation response associated with meditation is most likely to:

Decrease oxygen consumption and decrease blood pressure.

15

Aviad, a 50-year-old banking executive and Type A personality, recently suffered a serious heart attack. To prevent a recurrence, Aviad would probably benefit most from:

Relaxation training.

16

A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of:

Conscientiousness.

17

An integrated understanding of Tara's consistent cheerfulness in terms of her supportive peer relationships, her calm temperament, and her optimistic expectations best illustrates:

A biopsychosocial approach.