Flashcards in Study Guide 4 Deck (17):
Rats that received electric shocks were unlikely to develop ulcers if the:
Rats could control the termination of the shocks.
In a series of studies, research participants were informed that personality test results indicated they were the type likely to end up alone later in life. As a result, they became ________ likely to underperform on aptitude tests and ________ likely to become aggressive toward those who had excluded them.
B lymphocytes inhibit ________, whereas T lymphocytes inhibit ________.
Bacterial infections; viral infections.
Laura fails to recognize any connection between her unsafe sexual practices and the likelihood of contracting a sexually transmitted infection. Laura's lack of perceptiveness best illustrates the dangers of:
An external locus of control.
To alleviate the stress he feels after failing a college course, Jeremy seeks social support from his friends and family. Jeremy's behavior best illustrates:
In response to stress, the adrenal glands release:
Which of the following best explains why, for those who are not poor, more money buys little more than a temporary surge of happiness?
The adaptation-level phenomenon.
Arjean's opinions are so dependent on what her friends think that she will swallow just about anything they tell her. Freud would have suggested that Arjean demonstrates a:
People living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist cultures to report experiencing:
Research on self-esteem indicates that most people:
View themselves very favorably in comparison to most others.
A consistent tendency to be shy is best described as a(n):
The spillover effect is best explained in terms of:
The two-factor theory.
Psychologists have used four perspectives in their efforts to explain motivation. These include an emphasis on instincts, optimum arousal, a hierarchy of motives, and:
The relaxation response associated with meditation is most likely to:
Decrease oxygen consumption and decrease blood pressure.
Aviad, a 50-year-old banking executive and Type A personality, recently suffered a serious heart attack. To prevent a recurrence, Aviad would probably benefit most from:
A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of: