Test 1 - Topic 5 (Lecture) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 - Topic 5 (Lecture) Deck (67):
1

_________ = Internal transportation system

Vascular

2


_________ plants - Bryophyta (mosses)

Non-vascular

3

_________ plants -
-Makes spores rather than seeds

Seedless vascular

4

_________ -
-Have vascular system, make seeds (naked seed)

Gymnosperms

5

_________ - Anthophyta
-Has vascular system, has seeds
-container around it (seed coat)

Angiosperms

6

Byrophyta (_________) - Cryptic plants. Very important ecologically. Function as a filter when it rains.

(Moss)

7

Psilophyta (_________ ) - Has no leaves or roots. Has an underground stem called a Rhizome.

Whisk Fern

8

Lycophyta (_________ ) - Has no vascular tissue. They are evergreen. In dino days they were huge trees.

Club Moss

9

Equisetophyta (_________ ) - Scouring rush, Sand incorporated into cells. In dino days they were huge trees.

Horse tails

10

Pterophyta (_________ ) - Most common houseplants on earth. Single fern leaf is called a Frond. Sizes range from 2" - 50'

Fern

11

Cycadophyta (_________ ) - Small trees or shrubs with palm like leaves.

Cycad

12

Ginkgophyta - _________

Ginko tree

13

Gnetophyta (_________ ) -12-15' long. Grow in the sand, deserts of southwest Africa, very hearty.

Welwitschia

14

Coniferophyta (_________ )- Conifer (Cone bearing) - Needles are modified leaves to survive in the north.
Most are evergreen. Commonly used for lumber

Pine tree

15

Anthophyta (_________ )-

Flowering Plants

16

-Parts of the flower-

_________ - Purpose is to attract the pollinators

Petals

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-Parts of the flower-

_________ - Green leaf-like parts under the petals, first part of the bud to open up

Sepal

18

-Parts of the flower-

_________ - Male part of plant, contains the pollen. Inside the Anther (top of stamen), the pollen is made

Stamen

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-Parts of the flower-

_________ - Female part of plant. Pistil, style, ovary. Inside the ovary the seeds are made

Pistil

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-Parts of the flower-

_________ - End of the stem where all flower parts are attached

Receptacle

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_________ -

-One seed leaf
-Flower parts in multiples of 3
-Parallel leafs veins

Monocots

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_________

-Two seed leafs
-Flower parts in multiples of 4 and 5
-Netted leaf veins

Dicots

23

_________ - The most important plant family for the survival of people

Grass

24

Wheat, Rice, Corn, are all _________

grass

25

The largest plant family is: _________

Orchid

26

Plant parts that are _________

Bulbs - Onion
Tubers - Potato, Swollen underground stem
Stem - Celery, Asparagus
Leaves - Spinach, lettuce, Kale
Taproot - Carrot, Parsnip. Swollen root that grows straight down
Flowers - Tulips, Day Lillies
Ovary - Fruit.
Seeds - Sunflower, pumpkin, cloves

specialized for food

27

_________ comes from the ovary of a plant and usually will have seed (unless it is a seedless variety)

Fruit

28

_________ are stems, leaves or roots of plants, not ovaries

Vegetables

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_________ - The transfer of pollen from the anther on a stamen to the stigma of a pistil. Usually from different flowers.

Pollination

30

Methods of _________ :

1. Wind
2. Birds
3. People
4. Bats
5. Insects

Pollination

31

Chordate classes to know:

i. _________
ii. _________
iii. Reptiles
iv. Birds
v. Mammals

-Fish
-Amphibians

32

Chordate classes to know:

i. Fish
ii. Amphibians
iii. _________
iv. _________
v. _________

-Reptiles
-Birds
-Mammals

33

Chordate classes to know:

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

i. Fish
ii. Amphibians
iii. Reptiles
iv. Birds
v. Mammals

34

-Animal Characteristics-

_________ - all more than one cell (protista)

Multicellular

35

-Animal Characteristics-

_________ - Eat something for energy

Heterotrophic

36

-Animal Characteristics-

_________ - moves from one location to another at some point in life

Moveable

37

-Animal Characteristics-

_________ - Includes an embryonic period of development

Life cycle

38

_________ - Radiates out from a central point (sea star)

Radial symmetry

39

_________ - Organism has a right and left side. (generally mirror images)

Bilateral symmetry

40

_________ - No symmetry (sponges)

Asymmetric

41

_________ - Means is has a head end

Cephalization

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_________ - where food is digested

Gut

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_________ digestive system - Starts with the mouth and is followed by specialized regions for digestion and ends with the anus

Complete

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_________ digestive system - Starts with the mouth and is followed by a sac like gut, anything that cant be digested has to come back out through the mouth.

Incomplete

45

_________ - Area between the gut and the outer body wall, where other organs are found.

The body cavity

46

_________ -Repeated body units

Segments

47

Some organisms have segments condensed to body regions:_________ , Thorax, and _________ .

-Head
-abdomen

48

_________ - sense the environment and eating

Head

49

_________ - specialized for movement

Thorax

50

_________ - specialized for reproduction

Abdomen

51

_________ -

Characteristics
i. Sleek body - to move through the water
ii. Powerful tails - to push themselves through the water
iii. Swim bladders - for buoyancy
iv. Fins - Steering, maneuvering
v. Scales -

A. Fish

52

-Groups of fish-
_________ fish - (Lampreys)

Jawless

53

-Groups of fish-

_________ fish - Skeleton made out of cartilage (Rays: stingrays)

Cartilaginous

54

-Groups of fish-

_________ fish - All other fish - Mainly found in coral reefs

Bony

55

_________ - evolved from fish

Amphibians

56

_________ of life on the land for amphibians (Frogs, toads, salamander, nutes)
A. Availability of water
B. Air temperature
C. Air does not support a large body as well as water

Challenges

57

_________ of life on the land for amphibians
A. More oxygen
B. More food

Benefits

58

No matter how successful on land amphibians are they must return to the _________ to reproduce
External _________

-water
-fertilization

59

_________ - Snakes, turtles, lizards

Characteristics
A. Internal fertilization
B. Lay their eggs
C. Larger brain than fish and amphibians
D. Scaly skin
E. Have lungs

Reptiles

60

_________ -
Characteristics
A. Internal fertilization
B. Lay their eggs
C. Larger brain than fish and amphibians
D. Scaly skin
E. Have lungs

Reptiles

61

Birds apparently evolved from _________ (dinosaurs- raptors)

reptiles

62

_________ (ancient bird) - dinosaur and bird characteristics
Similarities:
A. Lay eggs
B. Feathers
C. Horns/Beaks

Archaeopteryx

63

_________ -

Characteristics
A. Milk secreting glands to nourish young
B. Most have hair
C. Specialized teeth - depending on what they eat
D. Largest brain capacity

Mammals

64

Three types of _________ :

-Egg-laying
-Pouched
-Placental

mammals

65

_________ Mammals (Marsupial) - Possum, kangaroo, wombats
Not born into pouch

Pouched

66

_________ Mammals - Humans, dogs

Placental

67

_________ Mammals
-Most successful group of mammals, found in every terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem
-Offspring are nourished within the mother through the placenta (placenta - organ of exchange)

Placental