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Flashcards in Lab Test 2 - Study Guide Deck (118):
1

-Phylum-

Sponges :

Porifera

2

Grantia - Cross Section

3

___________ are multicellular

Sponges

4

Sponges can reprodue both _________ and __________

Sexually and Asexually

5

The inner most cell layer in a sponge is the:

Collar cell layer

6

Collar cells in a sponge have _________ which cause the water to circulate

Flagella

7

 The opening in the center of the sponge is the central cavity. The cells that outline the cavity are __________

Collar cells

8

Slide of _________

Sponge Spicules

9

Sponge Anatomy

1. Pore

2. Canal

3. Canal

4. Central Cavity

5. Osculum

14. Epidermus (outer most layer)

10

Sponge Anatomy

2. Canal

3. Canal

6. Spicule

7. Spicule

8. ???

9. Collar Cell (choanocyte)

10. Amoebocyte

14. Epidermus (outer most layer)

11

Sponge Anatomy

9. Collar Cell (chaoanocyte)

a. Collar - (to collect food)

b. Nucleus

c. Yolk Body

d. Flagellum (circulate water)

12

___________ are cells that move around in the sponge that are capable of becoming other cells

Ameobocytes

13

Two body plans of Cnidarians

-Polyp

-Medusa

14

Polyp is a cylindrical bodied organism with tentacles located around the ________.

Medusa is a _________ with tthe mouth on the __________

- mouth

- jellyfish

- underside

15

Hydrozoa Anatomy

  • 1. Mouth
  • 3. Tentacle
  • 4. Nematocyst battery
  • 5. Epidermis (grey area on model)
  • 6. Mesoglea
  • 7. Gastrodermis
  • 8. Gastrovascular cavity
  • 9. Testis
  • 10. Ovary
  • 11. Bud
  • 12. Stalk
  • 13. foot
  • 17. Glandulomuscular cell
  • 21. Cilia

16

Hydrozoa Anatomy

  • 14. Epitheliomuscular cell
  • 15. Interstitial cell
  • 18. Nutritive cell
  • 19. Gland cell
  • 20. Sensory cell
  • 21. Cilia

17

Hydrozoa Anatomy

  • A. Penetrant (before and after discharge)
  • a. Cnidoblast
  • b. Cnidocil
  • c. Thread tube
  • d. Nucleus
  • e. Cap

18

Hydrozoa Anatomy

  • B. Streptoline glutinant
  • C. Steroline glutinant (stinger)
  • D. Volvent

19

__________ - Home of the Polyp

Coral

20

Hydrozoa Life Cycle

  • 1. Embryonic development
  •     a. Zygote
  •     b-d. Cleavage
  • 2. Planula (free swimming larva)
  • 3. Young polyp
  • 4-5. Developing colony
  • 6. Colony of Polyps
  •     a. Feeding polyp
  •     b. Reproductive polyp
  • 7. Young medusa
  • 8. Mature medusa

21

Obelia is a Marine __________. It's usually attached to _______, shells and other things that do not float around

-Cnidarian

-Rocks

22

Obelia colony

23

-Two types of Polyps-

 

The _________ polyp has tentacles

The _________ polyp does not have tentacles 

-Feeding

-Reproductive

24

The __________ polyps have a gastrovascular cavity. It is continuous through all of the polyps in the colony. The __________ polyps do not feed. They do nto have any __________ to catch food.

-feeding

-reproductive

-tentacles

25

The reproductive polyp reproduces __________ by budding off small little medusas (jellyfish) These medusa are either male or female and can reproduce __________

-Asexually

-Sexually

26

The __________ swims around seeking out a suitable habitat that has sufficient food _________ in the water. When the habitat is found the planua will attach to the bottom and grow into the mature ________

-planua

-floating

-colony

27

Obelia medusa

(blue and pink stain)

28

The function of the ________ is dispersal from the mature colony and ________ reproduction

-medusa

-sexual

29

_________ :  Free swimming larva

Planula

30

The Planula is the free swimming larva that will eventually develop into the __________

mature colony

31

Planula 

32

Jellyfish are _________

Medusas

33

___________ : The one eating the fish

Portuguese Man-of-war

34

The Portuguese Man-of-war is not a ___________

Jellyfish

35

Portuguese Man-of-war is a colony of ________ with a large gas filled ________

-polyps

-bladder

36

The long tentacles of the Portuguese man-of-war hang down from the air _______ have numerous _________ and catch a large number of prey

-bladder

-nematocysts

37

Polyps emerge from their protective _______ hideouts with their ________ to collect food from water

-coral

-tentacles

38

-Phylum-

Hydra :

Cnidaria

39

-Phylum-

Obelia :

Cnidaria

40

-Phylum-

Medusa

Cnidaria

41

-Phylum-

Jellyfish

Cnidaria

42

-Phylum-

Portuguese Man-of-war

Cnidaria

43

-Phylum-

Coral

Cnidaria

44

-Phylum-

Flatworms

Platyhelminthes

45

-Phylum-

Roundworms

Nematoda

46

-Phylum-

Segmented worms

Annelida

47

-Type of worm-

Planaria

Flatworm

48

Planaria

49

-Phylum-

Planaria :

Platyhelminthes

50

-Phylum-

Sheep liver fluke

Platyhelminthes

51

-Phylum-

Blood Fluke

Platyhelminthes

52

-Phylum-

Tape worm

Platyhelminthes

53

-Phylum-

Trichinella

Nematoda

54

-Phylum-

Hookworm

Nematoda

55

-Phylum-

Pin worm

Nematoda

56

-Phylum-

Earthworm

Annelida

57

__________ : has eye spots

Planaria

58

Planaria is found in __________

Fresh water

59

The _________ is a small hose in the midsection of the planaria that is used to draw in food

pharynx

60

What is it

Sheep liver fluke

61

The planaria is a __________ flat worm

Non-Parasitic

62

All flukes are _________ on or in animals

Parasites

63

People contract the _________ while wading in shallow pools of water

Blood fluke

64

What is it

Blood Fluke

65

What is it

Tapeworm

66

The _________ sits in the intestine and absorbs all the nutrients it requires

tapeworm

67

What is it

trichinella spiralis

68

trichinella are __________

Roundworms

69

People get trichinella from undercooked _________ or _________ meat

-pork

-bear

70

What is it

Hookworm

71

6. 

8.

9.

10. ?

11.

16.

6. Mouth

8. Pharynx

9. Esophagus

10. ?Esophagus

11. Crop

16. Nephridium

72

11.

12.

13.

27.

11. Crop

12. Gizzard

13. Intestine

27. Ventral Nerve Cord

73

13.

13. Intestine

74

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Large swelling on the outside; Shorter side is the head end

Clitellum

75

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : To eat decomposing grass clippings etc.

Mouth

76

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Large muscular structure to suck in food

pharynx

77

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Food passes through

Esophagus

78

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : For food storage

Crop

79

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : For grinding the food

gizzard

80

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Absorb nutrients; full lenght all the way to the anus

Intestine

81

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Control elimination of waste

Anus

82

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : On backside of digestive system

Dorsal blood vessel

83

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Circulation; opposite side of digestive system (yellowish/cream color)

Ventral blood vessel

84

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Connect dorsal to ventral blood vessel; Have 5 of them

Hearts

85

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Swelling of nerves

Brain-like structure

86

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Detect stimuli

ventral nerve cord

87

Annelida - Earthworm - Organs

 

__________ : Function in regulating fluids

Nephridium

88

-Phylum-

Grasshopper :

Arthopoda

89

-Phylum-

Crayfish

Arthopoda

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

What is it

Lancelet

108

-Phylum-

Frog :

Lancelet

109

Lancelet has no __________

backbone

110

111

112

113

-Phylum-

Pig : 

Chordata

114

-Phylum-

Pig :

Chordata

115

116

117

-Dental Order-

-

Canine

-

Molar

Incisor

Canine

Premolar

Molar

118

-Dental Order-

Incisor

-

Premolar

-

Incisor

Canine

Premolar

Molar