Lab Test 2 - Lab Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab Test 2 - Lab Questions Deck (78):
1

Two structures for support and protection on a sponge:

-_________
-_________

-Spicules
-Spongin

2

Sessile means:

Not moving

3

_________ :
Opening in the Sponge that water enters through

Pores

4

Three functions of the _________ :

-Circulate water
-Collect food
-Produce gametes for sexual production

Collar cell

5

Three functions of the Collar cell:

-Circulate _________
-Collect food
-Produce _________ for sexual production

-water
-gametes

6

Water is circulated through the sponge to:

-_________
-_________

-Bring food in
-Rid itself of waste

7

Two types of asexual reproduction that a sponge can do:

-Fragmentation
-Budding

8

_________ :
Fossilized remains of coral and the Michigan state stone

Petoskey stone

9

_________ :
Free swimming larva that develops into the mature colony

Planula

10

_________ :
Stinging cells that paralyze prey

Nematocysts

11

Two body types of _________ :

- Polyp - Cylindrical with tentacles located around the mouth on the top of the organism

-Medusa - Mouth is on the underside with the tentacles hanging down around it

Cnidarians

12

Two body types of Cnidarians:

_________ - Cylindrical with tentacles located around the mouth on the top of the organism

_________ - Mouth is on the underside with the tentacles hanging down around it

-Polyp
-Medusa

13

Two body types of Cnidarians :

- Polyp - _________ with tentacles located around the mouth on the _________ of the organism

-Medusa - Mouth is on the _________ with the tentacles hanging down around it

-Cylindrical
-top
-underside

14

_________ reproduces Asexually by budding. It grows a new little _________ off its side.

-Hydra
-hydra

15

Hydra reproduces _________ by budding. It grows a new little hydra off its side.

-Asexually

16

Two types of polyps in _________ :

-Feeding Polyp: Has tentacles
-Reproductive Polyp: Does Not have tentacle

Obelia

17

Two types of polyps in Obelia:

_________ Polyp: Has tentacles
_________ Polyp: Does Not have tentacle

-Feeding
-Reproductive

18

Rotifers are _________

Multicellular

19

_________ eat almost anything that is small enough

Rotifers

20

_________ :
Structures on the end of rotifers that look like they're rotating

Corona

21

_________ are found in fresh water and sometimes in marine water

Rotifers

22

One advantage of being multicellular is the have _________

Specialized cells

23

You get _________ by eating undercooked pork or bear meat

Trichinosis

24

Planaria live in _________

Fresh water

25

Planaria have no _________

digestive system

26

-Which Phyla-

Pinworm:

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Nematoda

27

-Which Phyla-

Earthworm

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Annelida

28

-Which Phyla-

Segmented Worm

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Annelida

29

-Which Phyla-

Swimmers Itch

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Platyhelminthes

30

-Which Phyla-

Vinegar Eel

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Nematoda

31

-Which Phyla-

Planaria

1) Platyhelminthes
2) Nematoda
3) Annelida

Platyhelminthes

32

All flukes are _________

Parasites

33

_________ : For food storage

Crop

34

_________ : Absorbe nutrients

Intestine

35

_________ : Regulates fluid

nephridium

36

_________ : Detect stimuli

ventral nerve cord

37

The grasshopper we looked at are _________ grasshoppers

Lubber

38

Crayfish have ___ appendages

19

39

_________ :
Ariel found on the abdomen of the grasshopper

Spiracles

40

Three body regions of an insect:

-Head
-Thorax
-Abdomen

41

Two body regions of a cray fish:

-Abdomen
-Cephalothorax

42

_________ :
Triangle structures found on the abdomen of a female grasshopper that resemble a beak

Ovipositers

43

Male grasshoppers are _________ than the females and have no _________ on their abdomen

-smaller
-protrusions

44

Which of the following structures are not found on the crayfish:

-green gland
-intestine
-heart
-gastric caeca

-gastric caeca

45

What two structures are common in all chordates:

-brain
-endoskeleton

46

_________:
The most obvious region in the frogs brain

Optic lobe

47

_________ frogs have gray and whit material in their abdomens, this material is _________

-Female
-Eggs

48

_________ retain the notochord throughout their life

Invertebrate

49

_________ have a notochord as an embryo but it has developed into vertebral column by the time they're born

Vertebrates

50

The frog belongs to the _________ class

Amphibian

51

_________ : Round membranes that are located on either side of the head behind the eyes of a frog

Tympanum

52

_________- Function is to detect sound in a frog

Tympanum

53

_________ - End of the frog for urine, feces, and gametes

Cloaca

54

_________ - Tentacle structures that pull food int

Cirri

55

_________ - Makes antibodies - Helps clean blood

Spleen

56

Mammals are different from other major vertebrate chordates in that:

-They have _________ glands
-Most have hair
-Have _________ teeth
-Largest brain capacity

-milk secreting
-specialized

57

Mammals are different from other major vertebrate chordates in that:

-They have milk secreting glands
-Most have _________
-Have specialized teeth
-Largest _________ capacity

-hair
-brain

58

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________ - Generates pressure to keep blood flowing through the organs

Heart

59

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________ - Stores and mixes food. Secretes substances that dissolve and degrade food

Stomach

60

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________ - Stores and concentrates feces

Colon

61

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________ - Allows passage of air from the larynx to the lungs

Trachea

62

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________- Produces eggs, reproductive organ

Ovary

63

-Organs found in both humans and pigs-

_________- Produces hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline to help regulate metabolism and respond to stress

Adrenal Gland

64

-Digestive system of a pig-

-
-
-Esophagus
-Stomach
-Small Intestine
-Large Intestine
-Rectum
-Anus

-Mouth
-Pharynx

65

-Digestive system of a pig-

-Mouth
-Pharynx
-
-
-Small Intestine
-Large Intestine
-Rectum
-Anus

-Esophagus
-Stomach

66

-Digestive system of a pig-

-Mouth
-Pharynx
-Esophagus
-Stomach
-
-
-Rectum
-Anus

-Small Intestine
-Large Intestine

67

-Digestive system of a pig-

-Mouth
-Pharynx
-Esophagus
-Stomach
-Small Intestine
-Large Intestine
-
-

-Rectum
-Anus

68

-Digestive system of a pig-

-Mouth
-
-Esophagus
-
-Small Intestine
-Large Intestine
-
-Anus

-Pharynx
-Stomach
-Rectum

69

Three groups of fish:

-Jawless
-Cartilaginous
-Bony

70

-groups of fish-

_________ :
Lacks jaws, bones, and appendages

Jawless

71

-groups of fish-

_________ :
Have cartilage which never hardens into bone

Cartilaginous

72

-groups of fish-

_________ :
Have bones

Bony

73

A turtle uses its shell for some of the support and protection that the _________ normally does

Endoskeleton

74

Sharks do Not have true teeth but instead they have _________

Denticles

75

_________ :
Often do not have teeth, some do but they are usually small. Primary source of food is insects

Insectivores

76

_________ :
Have specialized teeth and strong jaw muscles. Consume flesh animals

Carnivores

77

_________ :
Have flattened specialized teeth for grinding food. Consume plants (vegetation)

Herbivores

78

_________ :
Lack canines, have flat premolars and molars. Have large Incisors

Rodents