Test 1 - Topic 1-3 (Lecture) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 - Topic 1-3 (Lecture) Deck (104):
1

_________ - (Plants) -

Botany

2

_________ - (Animals)-

Zoology

3

_________ - (Bacteria, Fungi)-

Microbiology

4

_________ - (Ocean)-

Marine Biology

5

_________ - (Freshwater organisms)-

Limnology

6

_________ - (Study of relationships between organisms & Between organisms and their enviroment)-

Ecology

7

_________ - (Chemical Poisons)-

Toxicology

8

_________ - (Diseases)

Pathology

9

_________ - The study of Honeybees

Apiology (Ape ee ology)

10

_________- The study of apples and other similar fruits (Pears)

Pomology ( Pome ology)

11

All living things are made up of _________

cells

12

-Two types of cells-

._________ - Simple primitive before the nucleus
-Only organisms that are Prokaryotic are bacteria

Prokaryotic

13

-Two types of cells-

.Prokaryotic - Simple primitive before the _________
-Only organisms that are Prokaryotic are _________

-nucleus
-bacteria

14

-Two types of cells-

_________ - True Nucleus
Complex, Advanced (Animals, plant, fungi)

Eukaryotic

15

-Two types of cells-

Eukaryotic - True _________
Complex, Advanced (_________ , plant, fungi)

-Nucleus
-Animals

16

_________ - Found in eukaryotic cells
Structures specialized for a particular function

Organelles

17

Organelles- Found in _________ cells
Structures _________ for a particular function

-eukaryotic
-specialized

18

All living things are _________ (orderliness)

organized

19

_________ :

Cell--> Tissue--> Organ--> Organ System--> Individual--> Population--> Community--> Ecosystem--> Biosphere

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY

20

BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY:

Cell--> _________ --> Organ--> _________ --> Individual--> _________ --> Community--> _________ --> Biosphere

-Tissue
-Organ System
-Population
-Ecosystem

21

BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY:

_________ --> Tissue--> _________ --> Organ System--> _________ --> Population--> _________ --> Ecosystem--> _________

-Cell
-Organ
-Individual
-Community
-Biosphere

22

BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY:

_________ --> _________ --> _________ --> _________ --> Individual--> Population--> Community--> Ecosystem--> Biosphere

-Cell
-Tissue
-Organ
-Organ System

23

BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY:

Cell--> Tissue--> Organ--> Organ System--> _________ --> _________ --> _________ --> _________ --> _________

-Individual
-Population
-Community
-Ecosystem
-Biosphere

24

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Basic unit of life

Cell

25

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Cell - Basic unit of _________

life

26

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Group of cells that are similar and work together

Tissue

27

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Tissue - Group of _________ that are similar and _________ together

-cells
-work

28

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Group of tissues working together

Organ

29

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Organ - Group of _________ working together

tissues

30

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Group of organs working together

Organ System

31

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Organ System - Group of _________ working together

organs

32

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Group of organ systems working together

Individual

33

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Individual - Group of _________ working together

organ systems

34

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - Group of the same species living in a particular habitat

Population

35

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Population - Group of the same _________ living in a particular _________

-species
-habitat

36

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - All the different species living in a particular area

Community

37

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Community - All the different _________ living in a _________ area

-species
-particular

38

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - The community and the environment (orgnaisms, rain, sunlight)

Ecosystem

39

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Ecosystem - The _________ and the _________ (orgnaisms, rain, sunlight)

-community
-environment

40

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

_________ - The part of the earth that contains life

Biosphere

41

-BIOLOGICAL HEIRARCHY-

Biosphere - The part of the _________ that contains _________

-earth
-life

42

All living things _________ energy and manipulate _________ (Metabolism)

-manipulate
-matter

43

_________ - All of the chemical reactions in a cell for growth Maintenance and reproduction

Metabolism

44

Metabolism - All of the _________ reactions in a cell for growth _________ and reproduction

-chemical
-Maintenance

45

_________ - Burning calories to maintain system

Maintenance

46

_________ - Interactions between organisms & Interactions between organisms and their environment

All living things respond

47

All living things respond - Interactions between _________ & Interactions between organisms and their _________

-organisms
-environment

48

_________ - Necessary for the survival of the Species not the individual

All living things reproduce

49

All living things reproduce - _________ for the survival of the _________ not the individual

-Necessary
-Species

50

All living things _________

Evolve

51

_________ - The process by which changes occur & the characteristics of a population over time (All organisms)

Evolution

52

Evolution - The _________ by which changes occur & the characteristics of a _________ over time (All organisms)

-process
-population

53

_________ - The change in form, function or behavior that promotes the survival of an individual (Can be one organism)

Adaptation

54

Adaptation - The change in _________ , function or behavior that promotes the _________ of an individual (Can be one organism)

-form
-survival

55

All living things _________ - They increase in size or divide

Grow

56

All living things Grow - They increase in _________ or _________

-size
-divide

57

All living things _________ - Matures

develop

58

All living things develop - _________

Matures

59

All living things _________ - Organic Molecules are molecules that are carbon based

contain organic molecules

60

All living things contain organic molecules - Organic Molecules are _________ that are _________ based

-molecules
-carbon

61

All living things _________ - If not eliminated, toxins build up (poison) Each cell rids of metabolic waste

can eliminate waste

62

All living things can eliminate waste - If not eliminated, _________ build up (poison) Each cell rids of _________ waste

-toxins
-metabolic

63

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

_________ - Anything that occupies space

Matter

64

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

Matter- Anything that _________ space

occupies

65

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-
_________ - The smallest unit of matter non-divisible by normal chemical means

Atom

66

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

Atom- The smallest unit of _________ non-divisible by normal _________ means

-matter
-chemical

67

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

_________ - The simplest of substances made of only one type of atom

Element

68

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

Element- The simplest of _________ made of only one type of _________

-substances
-atom

69

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

_________ - Substances made up of more than one type of atom

Molecule

70

-Chemistry of Life Terminology-

Molecule- _________ made up of more than one type of _________

-Substances
-atom

71

-Scientific Method-

_________ , like all science, pursues a _________ search for information that reveals the secrets of the natural world.

-Biology
-methodical

72

-Scientific Method-

Biology, like all science, pursues a methodical search for _________ that reveals the secrets of the _________ world.

-information
-natural

73

Steps of the scientific method (explanations are sought using the following approach)

i. Make an _________
ii. Formulate a _________ about your observation
iii. _________ alternative resources (journals, etc)
iv. Formulate a hypothesis
v. Experiment / Test your hypotheses
vi. Re-test and explore alternative hypotheses
vii. Report objectively on your test and conclusions
viii. Theory
ix. Law

-observation
-question
-Explore

74

Steps of the scientific method (explanations are sought using the following approach)

i. Make an observation
ii. Formulate a question about your observation
iii. Explore alternative resources (journals, etc)
iv. Formulate a _________
v. _________ / Test your hypotheses
vi. Re-test and explore _________ hypotheses
vii. Report objectively on your test and conclusions
viii. Theory
ix. Law

-hypothesis
-Experiment
-alternative

75

Steps of the scientific method (explanations are sought using the following approach)

i. Make an observation
ii. Formulate a question about your observation
iii. Explore alternative resources (journals, etc)
iv. Formulate a hypothesis
v. Experiment / Test your hypotheses
vi. Re-test and explore alternative hypotheses
vii. Report _________ on your test and conclusions
viii. _________
ix. _________

-objectively
-Theory
-Law

76

Steps of the scientific method (explanations are sought using the following approach)

i. Make an observation
ii. Formulate a question about your observation
iii. _________ (journals, etc)
iv. Formulate a hypothesis
v. Experiment / Test your hypotheses
vi. Re-test and explore alternative hypotheses
vii. _________
viii. Theory
ix. Law

-Explore alternative resources
-Report objectively on your test and conclusions

77

_________ - a set of related hypotheses that form a broad ranging explanation of a phenomenon (phenomenon = anything that your studying)

Theory

78

Theory - a set of related _________ that form a broad ranging explanation of a _________

-hypotheses
-phenomenon

79

(_________ = anything that your studying)

phenomenon

80

_________ are accepted or rejected based on tests and are subject to revision

Theories

81

Theories are _________ or _________ based on tests and are subject to revision

-accepted
-rejected

82

_________ must be prepared to change their minds in the light of new evidence

Scientists

83

Scientists must be prepared to change their minds in the light of new _________

evidence

84

-The limits of Science-

_________ is limited to _________ that can be tested (subjective questions cannot be answered by science: EX. Questions of morality, Aesthetics, Judgements)

-Science
-questions

85

-The limits of Science-

Science is limited to questions that can be tested (_________ questions cannot be answered by science: EX. Questions of_________ , Aesthetics, Judgements)

-subjective
-morality

86

-The limits of Science-

_________ may be considered _________ when it offers explanations for an aspect of nature previously considered supernatural. (earth is flat, sun is center of the universe)

-Science
-controversial

87

-The limits of Science-

Science may be considered controversial when it offers _________ for an aspect of _________ previously considered supernatural. (earth is flat, sun is center of the universe)

-explanations
-nature

88

_________ -

The use of, or the appearance of Science to mislead. Using what appears to be science to make assertions that are not valid or reliable (advertising, marketing)

Psuedoscience

89

-Psuedoscience-

The use of, or the appearance of _________ to mislead. Using what appears to be science to make assertions that are not _________ or reliable (advertising, marketing)

-Science
-valid

90

_________ -

"Nine out of ten doctors surveyed recommend brand X"

A. Is this person pictured a real doctor?
B. What doctors?
C. Do the people making the claim employ these doctors?
D. Why only ten doctors
E. Etc. etc. etc. ???

Psuedoscience

91

Which one of the following distinguishes science from nonscience?

a. the collection of information
b. the testing of a hypothesis
c. the acceptance of the advice of experts d. information that never changes

b. the testing of a hypothesis

92

A hypothesis must account for all available information, be logical, and be _____.

Testable

93

A scientific theory is

a. a guess as to why things occur.
b. always correct.
c. a broad statement that ties together many facts.
d. easily changed.

c. a broad statement that ties together many facts.

94

Pseudoscience is the use of the appearance of science to _____.

mislead

95

Economics is not considered a science because

a. it does not have theories.
b. it does not use facts.
c. many economic predictions do not come true.
d. economists do not form hypotheses.

c. many economic predictions do not come true.

96

Reproduction is

a. a generative process.
b. a responsive process.
c. a control process.
d. a metabolic process.

a. a generative process.

97

The smallest independent living unit is the _____.

organism

98

The smallest unit that displays characteristics of life is the _____.

cell

99

An understanding of the principles of biology will prevent policy makers from making mistakes.
(T/F)

False

100

Three important advances in the control of infectious diseases are safe drinking water, safe food, and ______.

vaccination

101

If data are able to be justified and are on target with other evidence, scientists say that these data are

a. valid.
b. reliable.
c. expected.
d. appropriate.

a. valid.

102

Which is not a basic assumption in science?

a. There are specific causes for events observed in the natural world.
b. There are general rules or patterns that can be used to describe what happens in nature.
c. Events that occur only once probably have a single cause.
d. The same fundamental rules of nature apply, regardless of where and when they occur.

c. Events that occur only once probably have a single cause.

103

A variable that changes in direct response to how another variable is manipulated is known as

a. the dependent variable.
b. the independent variable.
c. the reliable variable.
d. a hypothesis.

a. the dependent variable.

104

Features that result from the interaction of simple com- ponents when they form much more complex substances are called

a. organizational properties.
b. emergent properties.
c. adaptive traits.
d. evolutionary traits.

b. emergent properties.