Test 1 - Topic 4 (Lecture) Flashcards Preview

Biology 107 > Test 1 - Topic 4 (Lecture) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 1 - Topic 4 (Lecture) Deck (111):
1

All cells have a _________ (cell) membrane, _________ , and genetic material (_________ )

-plasma
-cytoplasm
-DNA

2

_________ - separates the inside of the cell from the environment and permits certain molecules to move in and out of the cell

Plasma (cell) membrane

3

Plasma (cell) membrane - The plasma membrane separates the inside of the _________ from the environment and permits certain _________ to move in and out of the cell

-cell
-molecules

4

_________ - semi-fluid matrix

Cytoplasm

5

Cytoplasm - semi-fluid _________

matrix

6

_________ - The instructions for cellular functions

Genetic Material (DNA)

7

Genetic Material (DNA) - The instructions for _________ functions

cellular

8

_________ Cells - (Simple, Primitive)

Prokaryotic

9

Prokaryotic Cells - (_________ , Primitive)

Simple

10

_________ = DNA (dna floating inside cell)

Nucleoid

11

_________ - makes protein

Ribosome

12

_________ - Advanced, has nucleus

Eukaryotic Cells

13

_________ - Specialized compartments in a cell that perform specific functions

Organelles

14

_________ - Contain the DNA

Nucleus

15

Two types of Ribosomes
1)
2)

1) Free
2) Attached

16

_________ - Transportation of Ribosomes

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

17

Two types of ER (Endoplasmic Reticulum):

1)
2)

1) Rough ER
2) Smooth ER

18

_________ -
Associated with the production of secretions and packaging of substances that will be expelled from the cell

Golgi Apparatus (Bodies)

19

_________ - Does cellular respiration. The power house of the cell (make energy)

Mitochondria

20

_________ - Photosynthesis (taking sunlight energy and convert to chemical energy)

Chloroplast

21

_________ - Movement

Cilia And Flagella

22

Cilia And Flagella- _________

Movement

23

_________ - Whip like structures

Flagella

24

_________ - Small little hairs

Cilia

25

Cilia - Small little _________

hairs

26

Flagella - _________ like structures

Whip

27

_________ are non-cellular infectious agents

Viruses

28

_________ are not living because they do not meet all of the characteristics of life.

Viruses

29

_________ - infects Bacteria

Bacteriophage

30

_________ - infect invertebrate and vertebrate animals

Animal Viruses

31

Most animal viruses are _________ specific

species

32

_________ - Some are not bad for the plant (stripes in some tulips are viruses etc.)

Plant Viruses

33

Scientific names or species name are made up of both the _________ and the _________ i.e. Homo sapien (humans) and Felis domestica (house cat)

-genus
-specific epithet

34

-Taxonomic Hierarchy-

-Kingdom
-Phylum
-Class
- _________
- _________
-Genus
-Specific Epithet

-Order
-Family

35

-Taxonomic Hierarchy-

- _________
- _________
- _________
-Order
-Family
-Genus
-Specific Epithet

-Kingdom
-Phylum
-Class

36

-Taxonomic Hierarchy-

-Kingdom
-Phylum
-Class
-Order
-Family
- _________
- _________

-Genus
-Specific Epithet

37

-Taxonomic Hierarchy-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-Kingdom
-Phylum
-Class
-Order
-Family
-Genus
-Specific Epithet

38

genus and the specific epithet:
_________ _________ (humans) and _________ _________ (house cat)

- Homo sapien
-Felis domestica

39

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - Ancient bacteria

Archaea

40

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - True bacteria

Bacteria

41

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - Mostly single celled eukaryotic organisms

Protista

42

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - Mostly multi-cellular - Decomposers, break down dead things

Fungi

43

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - Multi-cellular, eukaryotic - Photosynthesis

Plantea

44

-Six Kingdoms-

_________ - eukaryotic

Animilia

45

_________ - Consumes other organisms for energy

Heterotropic

46

_________ - Consumes dead organisms & waste products of organisms

Saprophytes

47

_________ - Living host (athletes foot, ringworm)

Parasites

48

"Extra-cellular _________ Digestion and _________ " - How a fungus gets its nutrients -- (breaking down the food to molecules small enough to be absorbed)

-Enzymatic
-Absorption

49

_________ - outside the cell

Extra-cellular

50

_________ - breaks down food

Enzymatic

51

_________ - Main part of the fungus, persistent all year round, very cob web like

Fungal Body

52

_________ - Filament of the fungal body

Hyphae (Mycelium)

53

Hyphae (Mycelium)- _________ of the _________ body

-Filament
-fungal

54

_________ (Mycelium)

Hyphae

55

_________ - purpose is Reproduction - only present when reproducing -Fruiting body makes spores

Fruiting Body

56

Fruiting Body- purpose is _________ - only present when reproducing -Fruiting body makes _________

-Reproduction
-spores

57

_________ - One parent - Copies of the parent, Clone.

Asexual

58

_________ - Two parents - Variations from both parents

Sexual

59

-Ecological role of fungi-

_________ - Breakdown bug bodies releasing nutrients into the environment

Death and renewal

60

-Ecological role of fungi-

_________ - Breaking down dead things

Decomposers

61

_________ - Have a nucleus and organelles

Eukaryotic

62

-Major Groups of Fungi-

_________ fungi (Zygomycota ) Bread mold

Algal-like

63

-Major Groups of Fungi-

_________ (consumes dead things -wheat)

Saprophytic

64

-Major Groups of Fungi-

_________ fungi (Ascomycota)

Sac

65

-Major Groups of Fungi-

_________ Fungi (Basidiomycota) (death cap)

Club

66

Parts of Mushroom:

- _________
- _________
-Annulus
-Stipe

-Cap
-Gills

67

Parts of Mushroom:

-Cap
-Gills
- _________
- _________

-Annulus
-Stipe

68

Parts of Mushroom:

-
-
-
-

-Cap
-Gills
-Annulus
-Stipe

69

_________ (Oomycota) -Needs water in order to spread

Water Mold

70

_________ Symbiotic relationship between fungi and Algae

Lichens

71

-Lichens-

_________ - relationship where they both benefit from the other

Symbiotic

72

-Lichens-

_________ can photosynthesize, fungi can not

Algae

73

-Lichens-

The _________ gives the _________ a home to live inside

-fungi
-algae

74

-Lichens-
_________ - anywhere, especially in hospitable places (Rock, Sand, lark)

Habitat

75

-Lichens-

_________ to air pollution

Sensitive

76

_________ -
Symbiotic relationship between a fungi and a plant root

Mycorrhizae

77

Mycorrhizae- _________ relationship between a _________ and a plant root

-Symbiotic
-fungi

78

Mycorrhizae -
Connected from the root to the _________

hyphae

79

_________ -

Classification
-Single-celled eukaryotic organisms
-Not all authorities agree on what should be in this kingdom

Protista

80

Protista -
Single-celled _________ organisms

eukaryotic

81

-Protista-

_________ (two-flagellum) - bioluminescent

Dinoflagellates

82

-Protista-

_________
-They are considered marine plankton.
-They come in many different colors.

Dinoflagellates

83

-Protista-

_________ - (Diatoms) - Environmental indicators

Golden-brown algae

84

-Protista-

_________ -
-Glass shell
-Many different shapes
-Single celled

Golden-brown algae

85

-Protista-

_________ -(Euglena) - Both animal and plantlike

Euglenophyta

86

-Protista-

_________ -
-Plant like - its green and does photosynthesis
-Animal like - its swims and eats other organisms

Euglenophyta

87

-Protista-

_________ - Eye-spot

Stigma

88

-Protista-

_________ -
1. Widespread on earth, just need moisture to live.
2. Ancestors to the modern plants

Green algae

89

-Protista-

_________ - (Kelp)
-Likes to live in relatively Cold saltwaters

Brown algae

90

-Protista-

_________ -
-Found in Warmer saltwater

Red algae

91

-Protista-

_________ -
1. Causes Tripanisoma (disease) via the tse-tse fly
2. Causes diarrhea

Flagellated Protozoan

92

-Protista-

_________ -
-Shape changer
-Causes dysentery

Amoeboid Protozoan

93

-Protista-

_________ (Paramecium)
Most complex organisms on earth

Ciliated Protzoan

94

-Protista-

_________ -
Parasites that cause diseases - Transmitted by insects (Malaria)

Sporozoan

95

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ - How they get their energy

Metabolic Diversity

96

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ _________-
-Make their own energy via photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Autotrophs

97

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ -
-Make their own energy using chemicals
-Bacteria found around thermal vents very deep in the ocean

Chemosynthetic Autotrophs

98

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

Chemosynthetic Autotrophs -
-Make their own _________ using chemicals
-_________ found around thermal vents very deep in the ocean

-energy
-Bacteria

99

-Characteristics of Bacteria-
_________ -
-Bacteria that consume others for energy
-They may also consume Photo/Chemosynthetic autotrophs

Heterotrophs

100

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

-Bacterial shapes

1)_________ - (sphere)

2)_________ - (Rod)

3)_________ - (Spiral)

-Coccus
-Bacillus
-Spirillum

101

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ - coloration method to differentiate
1. Pink = gram positive
2. Purple = gram negative

Gram Stain

102

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

Bacterial Reproduction (can reproduce every _________ minutes)

20

103

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ - Dividing into two

Binary Fission

104

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

Bacterial DNA -
- found in the _________
- Shaped as a _________

-cytoplasm
-ring

105

-Characteristics of Bacteria-

_________ - Small extra ring of DNA (may have 3-5 extra genes on it)
-Makes it antibiotic resistant

Plasmid

106

-Archaea-

_________ - found in swamps, mud, sewers, and the intestines of animals

Methanogens

107

-Archaea-

_________ - (Salt lovers) Found in the ocean and lakes, bodies of water
-Form pink colonies on salt

Halophiles

108

-Archaea-

_________ - (Heat lovers) Found on bottom of ocean and in thermal pools

Thermophiles

109

_________ Bacteria - Blue-green bacteria

Photosynthetic

110

_________ Bacteria -
- Consume others cells
- Pathogens to humans
-Create diseases like syphilis and gonorrhea
-lyme disease
-E.coli

Heterotrophic

111

_________ (actually very complex)

These are bacteria that can sense and respond to:
-Light - They can move towards or away from light
-Oxygen
-Magnetic North detection

"Simple Bacteria"