—- & —– are two of the most common medication errors.
Insulin & Heparin
Who needs insulin?
everybody, just some produce enough themselves and others cannot produce enough and needs drugs
To test how much insulin a person produces, we check —– level
insulin shots don’t have it, so we can tell diff. b/t endogenous insulin and administered insulin
– in – heath care dollars is spent on caring for diabetics.
1 in 5 ($322 billion annually)
—- people have diabetes.
Before insulin, —– was terminal.
Insulin stimulates cellular —– of glucose and also stimulates —–
glycogen storage in liver
Why are glucose symptoms neurological?
brain only uses glucose for energy/fuel (doesn’t have any other fuel sources)
Rapid Acting Insulins
- Lispro (HumaLog)
- Aspart (NovoLog)
- Glulisine (Apidra)
Intermediate Acting Insulins
Regular Insulin takes —– to start working.
~ 30-60 mins
peaks 2-3 hrs
Rapid Acting Insulins take —- to start working.
peaks 30-90 mins
Insulin is —–.
OTC (don’t need a prescription, but commonly have one)
Strongest affect for Rapid Acting Insulin
—- is the amount that is regularly produced when not eating (also amount released w/ Long Acting).
Which diabetic would be more sensitive to insulin?
Quick fix foods to eat when experiencing hypoglycemia.
milk fruit juice soda pop (not diet) candy 1 T of sugar/honey
—- is the only cloudy insulin.
Unrefrigerated insulin is only good for —–
Which insulins are given based on sliding scale?
short or rapid acting
- — amount is the amount over 24 hours.
- — amount is given at certain times (after eating, correct elevated blood sugar, etc.)
Increasing insulin —– glucose.
IV insulin would most likely be given in which unit in the hospital?
- — have insulin.
- — don’t have insulin.
How do you teach T1DM patients to test for DKA at home?
urine pH strips
Glucagon injections are given to patients with ——
T1DM need —– & —– when they’re hypoglycemic.
T2DM need —- when they’re hypoglycemic.
protein (milk) & juice (sugar)
—– is normal insulin concentration in U.S.
—– is for insulin resistance.
Long Acting Insulin
Insulin Glargine (Lantus)
Insulin Detemir (Levemir)