Test 4: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (65)
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31

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

-is a blend of cognitive and behavioral therapeutic strategies.
-Assume thoughts and behaviors influence each other

32

Problem-focused CBT

used for specific problem (panic attacks)

33

Action-oriented CBT

Pt expected to do things (relaxation, homework, behavior /feeling diary)

34

Transparent CBT

nothing is withheld from Pt. They understand all techniques used and how they work.

35

Person(Client)-centered therapy

-assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist
-Goal: with adequate support, Pt will recognize the right things to do and increase self regard

36

Nondirective

therapist tends not to provide advice or suggestions about what the client should be doing

37

Congruence

being open and honest in the therapeutic relationship and communicating the same message at all levels

38

Empathy

refers to the continuous process of trying to understand the client by getting inside his or her way of thinking, feeling, and understanding the world.

39

Unconditional Positive Regard

meaning the therapist must provide a nonjudgmental, warm, and accepting, environment in which the client can feel safe when expressing his or her thoughts and feelings.

40

Gestalt/Existential Therapy

help the client become aware of his/her thoughts, behaviors, experiences, and feelings AND to “own” or take responsibility for them.
-Goal: cope with inescapable realities of life, death, and the struggle for meaning.
-Greater awareness of “here and now” will lead to full and meaningful life.

41

Gestalt Techniques

-Therapist is warm and enthusiastic to Pts
-Emphasize experiences in present therapy session (here and now)

42

Focusing

As Pt describes stressful events from the week, therapist asks how it feels to talk about it today.

43

Somatic Sensations

discuss body movements and feelings seen in therapy (clench fists, shake leg)

44

Empty Chair Technique

Client encouraged to imagine that another person is sitting across from them in a chair. The client then moves from chair to chair, role-playing what he or she would say to the imagined person and what that person would answer.

45

Group Therapy Techniques

multiple participants work on individual problems in a group atmosphere.

46

Group Therapy

Encourage participants to talk to each other, practice relating to others, you are not alone, share insights on how to cope

47

Self-Help and Support Groups

-AA, Al-Anon
-Often run by peers who have struggled with same issues

48

Couples Therapy

Break repetitive dysfunctional patterns

49

Family Therapy

Problem in one family member is associated with dysfunction in entire family

50

Psychopharmacology

the study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms.

51

Antipsychotic Drugs

medications used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders

52

Conventional or Typical Antipsychotics

-Haldol
-Block dopamine receptors
-Side effect: tardive dyskenesia (involuntary movement of face, mouth, extremities)

53

Newer atypical antipsychotics

Clozaril, Risperidal
Address dopamine and serotonin receptors

54

Anti-Anxiety Drugs

medications used to reduce a person’s experience of fear or anxiety.

55

Benzodiazepines

-are the most common anti-anxiety drugs
-Facilitate GABA which induces calming effect
-Fast acting for panic symptoms
-Valium, Xanaz
-MDs are cautious to prescribe because high potential for abuse, tolerance and withdrawal

56

Drug used to treat GAD

Buspar

57

Drug used to treat panic and social anziety

Neurontin

58

Antidepressant Drugs

medications used to help lift people’s mood.

59

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

-Prevent breakdown of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine
-Severe side effects, rarely prescribed anymore

60

Tricyclic Antidepressants

-Block reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
-Moderate side effects