Test 4: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (65)
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61

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

-Block reuptake of serotonin
-Prozac, Paxil
-Fewer side effects so most commonly prescribed

62

Side Effects of Antidepressants

dry mouth, headaches, constipation, nausea, restlessness, gastrointestinal issues, weight gain, sexual desire blocked

63

Mood Stabilizers for Bipolar Disorder

WARNING: Antidepressants may trigger manic episode so must be diagnosed properly!

Lithium
-Regulates glutamate in brain
-Side effects: kidney and thyroid damage so must monitor blood levels

Antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines also used to treat bipolar disorder.

64

Herbal Products

-Easy to acquire
-Cheap, over the counter
-Perceived as being better for you because “natural”
-NOT monitored by FDA
-Limited research to support effectiveness
-St. John’s Wart (depression)
-Interacts with about half of prescription medications (birth control, blood thinners)

65

Caution about Medications

-Placebo effect
-High relapse and drop out rates
-Dosage difficulties