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Flashcards in Unit 14 Deck (37):
1

the building of empires by taking over—either politically OR economically—foreign lands

imperialism

2

theorist who claimed US needed strong navy to become a world power in book called The Influence of Sea Power upon History

Alfred Thayer Mahan

3

group of American battleships that sailed around the world in 1907-1909 to display American naval power

Great White Fleet

4

President from 1901 to 1909

Theodore Roosevelt

5

group that opposed American expansionism because it was against American values of liberty, self-government, and equality

Anti-imperialist League

6

Intense nationalism that called for aggressive foreign policy

jingoism

7

term for when sensationalist papers printed exaggerations in order to increase paper's circulation

yellow journalism

8

US battleship sunk in Havana Harbor; led to calls for war with Spain

Maine

9

amendment to Congress’ war declaration on Spain that called for Cuban independence

Teller Amendment

10

major land battle in Spanish-American War; led by future President Teddy Roosevelt

San Juan Hill

11

place where US fleet destroyed Spanish fleet in Spanish-American War

Santiago Bay

12

Filippino guerrilla who led revolt against US occupation forces in Philippines for 3 years

Emilio Aguinaldo

13

amendment to Cuban constitution that effectively made Cuba a US controlled territory

Platt Amendment

14

act that created Puerto Rico's government structure and gave it non-voting representation in Congress

Foraker Act

15

last monarch of Hawaii; overthrown by US settlers in 1893

Queen Liliuokalani

16

Sec. of State John Hay’s policy of telling Europeans that all nations would have EQUAL trading rights with China; started US involvement in China

Open Door Policy

17

nickname for Teddy Roosevelt's aggressive foreign policy

Big Stick Diplomacy

18

statement by Teddy Roosevelt that said only US would intervene in Latin American affairs

Roosevelt Corollary

19

Taft’s foreign policy of promoting stability abroad and US interests/power by supporting trade

Dollar Diplomacy

20

Wilson’s foreign policy that showed he opposed imperialism and aggressive tactics of McKinley, TR, and Taft (Republicans)

“Moral” Diplomacy

21

British passenger ship sunk by German navy in 1915 with 128 Americans on board

Lusitania

22

German proposal to Mexico that asked Mexicans to declare war on US so as to occupy American troops that might be used in Europe

Zimmerman Telegram

23

wartime government agency that set production goals and set prices

War Industries Board

24

wartime government agency led by Herbert Hoover that tripled US exports to Europe

Food Administration

25

wartime government agency that implemented daylight savings time

Fuel Administration

26

government bonds that helped fund the US war effort

Liberty Bonds

27

wartime government agency that promoted the war effort through pamphlets, posters, ads, celebrities, and “Four Minute Men”

Committee on Public Information

28

outlawed “disloyal” or “abusive” comments about US govt during World War I

Sedition Act

29

Supreme Court ruling that said free speech could be limited when it caused “clear and present danger” to public safety; upheld Sedition Act

Schenck v United States (1919)

30

Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace after World War I; outlined various territorial solutions and goals for the postwar world

Fourteen Points

31

idea that national groups should have their own countries

national self-determination

32

money payments for wrong-doing

reparations

33

isolationist US Senators who disapproved of any US involvement in foreign affairs after World War I

“irreconcilables”

34

leading "reservationist" senator who wanted to modify the Treaty of Versailles before the Senate would approve it

Henry Cabot Lodge

35

part of Red Scare of 1920; mass arrests of socialists, communists in 33 cities in 1920; resulted in 4,000 arrests, but only 3 pistols

Palmer Raids

36

black nationalist leader who sought to repatriate blacks to Africa

Marcus Garvey

37

term for US forces that fought in WWI

American Expeditionary Force (AEF)