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Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (26):
1

Confederate attack on Fort Sumter (SC)

the event that started the Civil War

2

the South in the Civil War

Confederacy

3

a loose association of states who share a weak central government

confederation

4

the North in the Civil War

Union

5

1861-1865

years of the Civil War

6

southern war strategy that said Great Britain's dependence on southern cotton would force it (GB) to recognize the Confederacy and help it fight the North

King Cotton Diplomacy

7

Union strategy of blockading southern ports to prevent supplies from reaching South

Anaconda Plan

8

Union strategy of using its superior numbers to wear the South down over time

attrition

9

Union victory that gave it control of the Mississippi River and thus divided the Confederacy in half

Vicksburg

10

Union victory in Pennsylvania that crippled the South's offensive capabilities

Gettysburg

11

Union General William Sherman's campaign that sought to break southern morale; destroyed everything in its path from Chattanooga to Savannah (including Atlanta)

"March to the Sea"

12

diplomatic crisis in which Confederate diplomats traveling on British steamer the Trent were seized by Union Navy, removed from Trent, and taken as POWs; British threatened war on Union; Lincoln released diplomats

Trent Affair

13

property seized from the enemy; slaves considered this

contraband

14

allowed slaves to be seized by Northern army as contraband

Confiscation Act 1861

15

Lincoln’s declaration of 1862 that freed all slaves in those states that were in rebellion (but not those in the border states)

Emancipation Proclamation (1862-63)

16

most famous black regiment of Civil War

Massachusetts 54th Regiment

17

emancipated every slave in the United States

13th Amendment

18

literally means "you shall have the body"; a judicial principle that states an accused person should be brought before a judge and informed of the charges against him or her

writ of habeas corpus

19

declared all men 20-45 eligible for draft; could avoid if you found sub. or you paid $300 fee

Conscription Act, 1863 (North)

20

carried out by poor, mostly Irish-Americans; attacked blacks and rich whites in response to Conscription Act of 1863; 117 killed

New York City Draft Riot 1863

21

gave recipients 160 acres of free land in Great Plains as long as you farmed it for 5 years

Homestead Act

22

allowed states to sell federal land to establish agricultural and technical colleges

Morrill Land Grant Act

23

place in Virginia where Robert E. Lee (South) officially surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant (North)

Appomattox

24

Union general whose strategy of attrition won the war

Ulysses S. Grant

25

Confederate general whose tactical abilities won numerous battles for South early in the war

Robert E. Lee

26

assassin of Abraham Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth