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Flashcards in Unit 21 Deck (23):
1

political scandal that resulted in the resignation of Richard Nixon

Watergate

2

event in which Middle Eastern oil producing nations refused to sell US oil in response to US support of Israel in 1973 War

OPEC oil embargo

3

a rise in prices

inflation

4

term to describe right-wing movement that lifted Republican Party to presidency in 1980

New Conservatism

5

term to describe conservative changes made to government starting in 1980; smaller government

Reagan Revolution

6

resulted from radical Islamic revolution in 1979; Islamic students raided US Embassy

Iran hostage crisis

7

radical Islamic cleric and leader of Iran from 1979 until 1988

Ayatollah Khomeini

8

evangelical and fundamentalist leaders who used TV to popularize their moral beliefs

televangelists

9

leader of Moral Majority; Christian fundamentalist

Jerry Falwell

10

political organization led by southern Baptists that raised $$ to defeat “liberal” politicians (both Democrats and Republicans) who they deemed immoral

Moral Majority

11

promoted large tax breaks for wealthy so as to stimulate investment and create jobs

supply side economic or Reaganomics or trickle down theory

12

removing rules from business

deregulation

13

made racial or gender based quotas illegal but said these could be one factor of many

Bakke v California

14

reduced highest tax bracket from 70% to 50%; lowest from 14% to 11%

Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981

15

redcued highest tax bracket from 50% to 28%; lowest rose from 11% to 15%

Tax Reform Act of 1986

16

Missile defense system using lasers to shoot nukes out of sky

Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”)

17

Soviet leader who assumed power in 1985; started negotiations with US

Mikhail Gorbachev

18

protest that was crushed by Chinese troops in 1989

Tiananmen Square

19

Liberated Kuwait from Iraqi forces that had invaded and threatened oil supplies to West

Gulf War or Operation Desert Storm

20

Gave govt expanded ability to obtain information and arrest suspects

Patriot Acts of 2001 and 2003

21

immigration law that made it illegal to hire most illegal immigrants

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

22

radical Islamic group ousted from Afghanistan in 2001

Taliban

23

health-care reform bill passed in 2009 under Barack Obama

Affordable Care Act