Unit 18 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Unit 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 18 Deck (35):
1

provided for college education, cheap loans, VA hospitals, and preferential job treatment for returning veterans of WWII

Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)

2

term for demographic increase from 1946-1964

“Baby Boom”

3

mass produced housing community in Long Island, NY; exemplified growth of suburbs

Levittown

4

term for movement of white Americans to the suburbs after WWII

"white flight"

5

term to describe southern portion of US that saw demographic growth in the post-WWII years

"Sun Belt"

6

nickname for Truman's domestic program

Fair Deal

7

Legislation that was meant to sustain economic growth in post WWII era; created Council of Economic Advisors

Employment Act of 1946

8

increased Social Security benefits to more Americans by expanding coverage for retirement

Social Security Act of 1950

9

anti-union law that outlawed closed shops and created "right to work" laws

Taft-Hartley Act (1947)

10

1st African-American to play major league baseball

Jackie Robinson

11

southern Democrats who left Democratic Party b/c of Truman’s stance on civil rights; later joined Republican Party

Dixiecrats

12

leader of southern Democrats who defected from Democratic Party over Truman's stance on civil rights

Strom Thurmond

13

Limited President to maximum of two full terms in office

22nd Amendment

14

Period of tension between the US and Soviet Union (USSR) that lasted from 1945-1990

Cold War

15

wars where 3rd parties or substitutes are used

“proxy” wars

16

America's post WWII foreign policy; sought to keep communism where it was and not let it spread

Containment

17

outlined the policy of containment; 1st announced in response to Greece

Truman Doctrine

18

referred to fortified border that USSR erected to separate eastern European satellite countries (Eastern bloc) from western Europe

Iron Curtain

19

Stalin's plan to cut off West Berlin from supplies in western Germany by cutting off the land routes in

Berlin Blockade

20

Truman's response to the Berlin Blockade; kept West Berlin supplied by air

Berlin Airlift

21

Economic aid program to re-build European economies after WWII: gave $12 billion to European countries that wanted it

Marshall Plan

22

western military alliance meant to defend all members from attack

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

23

eastern military alliance meant to defend all communist countries from attack

Warsaw Pact

24

line that divided North and South Korea

38th Parallel

25

non-communist leader of South Korea

Syngman Rhee

26

successful amphibious invasion of Korea led by Douglas MacArthur; Seoul retaken within 11 days

Inchon

27

American general fired by Truman for publicly criticizing the Truman's policies

Douglas MacArthur

28

created Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency

National Security Act of 1947

29

Top secret policy paper that officially defined Cold War as clash b/w “good” and “evil”

NSC-68

30

fear that there was communist infiltration at all levels of US govt in early 1950s

Second Red Scare

31

claimed US government was infiltrated by communists including Secretary of State Dean Acheson and General George Marshall (Marshall Plan)

Senator Joseph McCarthy

32

public hearings on TV that exposed McCarthy as a bully; resulted in his being censured by Senate

Army-McCarthy Hearings of 1954

33

Committee in House of Representatives that was meant to expose communists in society, gov’t, entertainment industry

House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

34

screenwriters, producers, directors who were accused of communism by HUAC; started "blacklisting" in entertainment industry

Hollywood Ten

35

American couple accused of giving atomic secrets to Russians in 1950; executed

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg