Unit 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 13 Deck (35):
1

reform movement that called for governmental policies to right political, economic, and social wrongs of industrial age

Progressivism

2

journalists who exposed social wrongs; incited reform

Muckrakers

3

muckraker who exposed corrupt city govts

Lincoln Steffens

4

muckraker who wrote The History of the Standard Oil Company (which was broken into 34 companies in 1911—Exxon and Mobil)

Ida Tarbell

5

muckraking photojournalist (How the Other Half Lives)

Jacob Riis

6

muckraking author who wrote The Jungle about the meatpacking industry

Upton Sinclair

7

political movement that seeks to redistribute wealth to create greater social and economic equality

socialism

8

term that refers to any movement that attempts to appeal to the common man

populism

9

radical union that sought to nationalize industry, collectivize agriculture, and re-distribute wealth

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

10

leader of the American Socialist Party

Eugene Debs

11

Populist Party platform that called for reforms to curtail power of banks and trusts

Omaha Platform

12

party system that included Republicans and Democrats; issues were Progressive era reforms

4th Party system

13

tightly organized groups of politicians that dominated city politics

Political “machines"

14

Democratic political machine boss in New York City

Boss Tweed

15

institutions typically run by middle-class women in ethnic neighborhoods that provided social services to immigrants

Settlement houses

16

started Hull House (settlement house) in Chicago

Jane Addams

17

Progressive governor of Wisconsin

Robert LaFollette

18

direct election of political party's candidate (usually for President)

Direct primary

19

provided for direct election of US senators

17th Amendment

20

instituted federal income tax

16th Amendment

21

petitions that force vote on a law

initiatives

22

process whereby voters are asked to accept or reject particular proposal

Referendum

23

vote to remove elected official

Recall

24

Progressive reform whereby an individual votes in secret and his/her vote is not made public

Australian (secret) ballot

25

suffrage group led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony; argued that women should get right to vote because of moral superiority

National American Woman Suffrage Association

26

gave women the right to vote in federal elections

19th Amendment

27

nickname for Teddy Roosevelt's political agenda as president

Square Deal

28

progressive law that regulated railroad rates

Hepburn Act

29

Republican President who broke up the most trusts

William Howard Taft

30

strengthened Sherman Anti-trust Act and said unions were NOT trusts

Clayton Anti-trust Act

31

regulated interstate commerce in food by inspecting food for safety

Pure Food and Drug Act

32

required meat to be inspected before and after slaughter and required sanitary conditions in slaughterhouses; partly result of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle

Meat Inspection Act

33

progressive conservationist who started the Sierra Club

John Muir

34

federal agency that regulates and manages the US economy

Federal Reserve System

35

nickname for Teddy Roosevelt's Progressive Party in the 1912 presidential election

Bull Moose Party