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Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (26):
1

railroad junction "cow towns" in Kansas; received cattle from trails and shipped them on RR back east

Abilene and Dodge City

2

ranching whereby cowboys corralled cattle on US government-owned land and drove them to RR junctions in Kansas for sale

“open range” ranching

3

two of the main cattle trails leading from the open ranges of Texas to the rail junctions in Kansas and Nebraska territory

Chisholm and Goodnight Loving

4

midwestern cities that grew largely because they housed slaughterhouses for cattle arriving via the transcontinental railroads

Chicago and Kansas City

5

midwestern cities that grew largely because they housed slaughterhouses for cattle arriving via the transcontinental railroads

barbed wire

6

federal law that gave 160 acres of public land free to any family that settled on it for 5 years

Homestead Act of 1862

7

western settlers on Great Plains who built homes of grass

"sodbusters"

8

Oklahoma settlers who arrived early (cheated) in the land rush of the late 1880s

"Sooners"

9

historian who argued that the frontier had played a fundamental role in shaping the unique character of American society

Frederick Jackson Turner

10

Frederick Jackson Turner's theory that the frontier had shaped the American character; he said frontier was closed in 1890

frontier thesis

11

wrote A Century of Dishonor in which she argued that American forces should stay off Indian lands

Helen Hunt Jackson

12

school for Native Americans in Pennsylvania that sought to assimilate them into American culture

Carlisle School

13

Law that attempted to assimilate Indians into American culture by 1) Dividing tribal lands into 160 acre farms or 320 acre ranches 2) Giving US citizenship to those who farmed the land for 25 years and adopted “civilized habits”

Dawes Severalty Act (1887)

14

A spiritual movement by the Sioux that claimed the white man would soon disappear from their lands

"Ghost Dance" movement

15

battle between US troops and Sioux (Lakota) that signifies the end of the Indian wars

Wounded Knee

16

Sioux Chief killed by US troops at Wounded Knee

Sitting Bull

17

term referring to South after Civil War; signifies new southern economy based upon integration into national economy, industry, and transportation improvements

New South

18

system in which farmer paid portion of his crop as payment for the SUPPLIES (to store owners)

Crop Lien System

19

Supreme Court case that said “separate but equal” accommodations in public were constitutional; started Jim Crow South

Plessy v. Ferguson

20

term that refers to racial segregation in the South after the Civil War

Jim Crow South

21

black leader who founded the Tuskegee Institute; Said social equality was “folly”; so blacks should at least improve themselves economically

Booker T. Washington

22

speech made by Booker T. Washington that said social equality was not possible yet and economic equality should be focus for blacks

Atlanta Compromise

23

challenged Booker T. Washington's idea of accommodation (Atlanta Compromise); said blacks should work for total social and political equality

W.E.B. DuBois

24

farm movement of late 1800s that forced lawmakers to regulate shipping costs

National Grange Movement

25

law that said RR must charge “reasonable and just” rates

Interstate Commerce Act (1886)

26

included demands that helped farmers like graduated income tax and increased amount of money in circulation

Ocala Platform