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Flashcards in Unit 17 Deck (30):
1

term that sums up US foreign policy between World War I and World War II; refers to idea that US stayed out of world affairs

isolationism

2

Senate committee that said US entered WWI to make $ for bankers, munitions makers

Nye Committee (1934-36)

3

organization that mobilized US public opinion against WWII

America First Committee (1940)

4

plans that were meant to re-structure German reparation payments to France and Britain in 1920s

Dawes and Young Plans (1920s)

5

term to describe FDR's foreign policy toward Latin America; among other things, it called for nullification of Platt Amendment

Good Neighbor Policy

6

term FDR used to refer to the US policy of supplying democratic nations (Great Britain) with war materials

“arsenal of democracy”

7

term Japanese used to refer to area they wished to control and exploit for raw materials in eastern hemisphere

“Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”

8

term to describe British and French policy that allowed Hitler to take numerous territories in pre-WWII Europe without a fight

appeasement

9

said US would supply any nation with weapons if that nation paid cash and used own ships to transport weapons (favored Brits)

“cash and carry”, 1939

10

required registration of all men 21-35

Selective Service Act, 1940

11

Brits got 50 ships; US got bases in Caribbean

Destroyers for bases, 1940

12

Brits got all weapons they needed; US leased various British naval bases in Caribbean and Canada

Lend-Lease, 1941

13

agreement between US and Britain that affirmed US-British goals/alliance/special relationship

Atlantic Charter, 1941

14

Hawaiian naval base that was attacked by Japanese on 12/7/41; brought US into WWII

Pearl Harbor

15

government agency that converted and expanded US factories for wartime production

War Production Board

16

government agency that regulated prices to control inflation and implemented rationing

Office of Price Administration

17

government agency that emlisted famous filmmakers, etc. to promote idea that US was fighting for the "American way of life"

Office of War Information

18

African-American slogan that promoted idea of victory over foreign enemies and victory for civil rights at home

Double “V”

19

ethnic riots that resulted from influx of Mexican workers into Los Angeles in 1943

“zoot suit” riots

20

required all Japanese nationals and Japanese-Americans to be held in internment camps for duration of WWII

Executive Order 9066

21

Supreme Court case that upheld constitutionality of Executive Order 9066

Korematsu v US (1944)

22

the largest of the Japanese internment camps

Manzanar

23

term for female who worked in industrial jobs during war

“Rosie the Riveter”

24

code name for Allied invasion of northern France in 1944; also called D-Day

Operation Overlord

25

forced march of captured Americans in Philippines; 60 miles w/o food, water for shipment to prison camps; 7,000 Americans die

Bataan Death March

26

Native-Americans whose language provided a code of communication that Japanese couldn't break in Pacific war

Navajo Signal Corps

27

code name for US atomic bomb program; 1st proposed by Albert Einstein

Manhattan Project

28

assumed Presidency upon FDR's death

Harry Truman

29

scientific leader of US atomic bomb program

Robert Oppenheimer

30

conference where Allies agreed to occupy Germany

Yalta Conference 2/1945