Unit 19 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Unit 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 19 Deck (40):
0

Term created by Eisenhower that described weapons makers and military influence on US foreign-policy

"Military-industrial" complex

1

Soviet leader after the death of Stalin

Nikita Khrushchev

2

Term that referred to idea that a nuclear attack by one nation would result in the destruction of both nations

Mutual assured destruction (MAD)

3

Cuban dictator in 1950s; overthrown by communist revolution in 1959

Fulgencio Batista

4

Cuban communist leader Who overthrew US backed dictatorship in 1959

Fidel Castro

5

Communist nationalist leader of Vietnamese

Ho Chi Minh

6

Fortress or French were defeated by Vietminh in Vietnam in 1954; resulted in French withdrawal and American involvement in Vietnam

Dien bien phu

7

After French defeat, these split Vietnam at the 17th parallel into communist north, non communist south

Geneva peace accords, 1954

8

Idea that if one country in Southeast Asia was allowed to fall to Communists others would soon follow

Domino theory

9

Cited national security reasons to build interstate highways (troop/nuke movements)

Highway act of 1956

10

Term created by David Riseman of Harvard referred to concept that people measured themselves against images created by mass media

"Other-directed" society

11

Cultural controversy of the 1950s that claimed American culture was becoming too standardized

Mass culture debate

12

Said women were natural child rearers; future of US depended on their role; parenting books that promoted traditional gender roles for women

Dr.Benjamin Spock

13

Example of youths revolt against conformity; first great "rock 'n roll" star, lyrics and moves seen as sexually promiscuous and "black"

Elvis Presley

14

Example of male revolt against conformity, founded playboy magazine

Hugh Hefner

15

Example of female revolt against conformity; method of contraception that became available in 1960

Birth control pill (life savers)

16

Leader of NAACP in 1950s; later became 1st Supreme Court justice

Thurmond Marshall

17

Chief Justice of Supreme Court appointed by Eisenhower moderate views helped civil rights movement

Earl warren

18

Court case that ruled state mandated segregation of schools violated by constitution (equal protection under law)

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

19

Court case that ruled desegregation would move forward "with all deliberate speed"

Brown II (1955)

20

100 members of congress denounce Supreme Court segregationist rulings and said they would support any legal resistance

Southern manifesto

21

Black woman whose refusal to relinquish her seat on bud sparked awareness of civil rights in 1954

Ross Parks aka Shereen (shereen is a bad bitch)

22

His leadership of Montgomery bus boycott makes him the leader of the entire civil rights movement to many

My boy Martin Luther King

23

Civil rights organization of MLK that demanded desegregation of public facilities, started voter registration drive, and promoted passive civil disobedience

Southern Christian leadership conference (SCLC)

24

Expedited lawsuits by African-Americans who claimed voting rights were violated and created commission on civil rights to advise government on issues

Civil rights act of 1957

25

High school that was forcibly desegregated by US troops in 1957 on the orders of Eisenhower

Little rock central high school

26

Claimed US was becoming "other directed" society of conformists

David Riseman (Harvard)

27

Write The Affluent s
Society; claimed wealthy Americans needed to spend more for common good

John Kenneth Galbraith

28

Wrote the catcher in the Rye; showed individual struggle against conformity (Holden Caulfield) and refers to "phoniness" of society

J.D. Salinger
His name makes him sound like a phony

29

Leader of Beats; wrote on the road; rebelled against conformity by promoting spontaneity, drugs, improvised jazz, and unorthodox literary styles to rebel against conformity

Jack Kerouac
My kind of man

30

Senator from Arizona who started modern conservative movement (reducing support of civil rights and domestic programs, tougher policies toward USSR

Barry Goldwater

31

First artificial satellite in space launched by USSR in 1957

Sputnik

32

Space agency founded largely as reaction to Soviet launch of Sputnik

National aeronautics and space administration (NASA)

33

Failed 1961 invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles lacked enough American support

Bay of pigs invasion

34

1962 crisis in which Soviet attempted to place nuclear missiles in Cuba JFK responded with blockade

Cuban missile crisis

35

Largest civil rights march of 1960s MLK gave I have a dream speech

March on Washington (1963)

36

Wrote the feminine mystique (1963) complained about confinement to home and lack of career opportunities for women

Betty Friedan

37

Conservative female activist who believed equality with men would take away many of their privileges in society (like exemption from draft)

Phyllis schafly

38

Accused assassin of JFK assassinated by jack ruby

Lee Harvey Oswald

39

Commission set up to investigate JFK and Oswald assassinations; said both Oswald and Ruby acted alone

Warren commission