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Flashcards in Unit 8 Deck (26):
1

Refers to the growing division between North and South from the founding of the nation until the Civil War

sectionalism

2

comprised of northern Democrats and Whigs who did NOT want end of slavery—just none in west so whites would not have to compete with them for jobs

Free-Soil Movement

3

the idea that the people who settled a territory should decide the issue of slavery for that territory by voting

popular sovereignty

4

1st proposed by Henry Clay; meant to resolve the dispute over the admission of California and New Mexico as free states

Compromise of 1850

5

as part of the Compromise of 1850, it said the federal government would be responsible for hunting down runaway slaves; captured persons were denied trial by jury

Fugitive Slave Law

6

proposed by Stephen Douglas (railroad), it divided Nebraska territory into Kansas and Nebraska and allowed popular sovereignty in each place; this effectively nullified the Missouri Compromise line and upset anti-slavery northerners

Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

7

system developed by some abolitionists to aid runaway slaves on their journeys north (usually to Canada)

Underground Railroad

8

escaped slave who helped run Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman

9

Supreme Court case which caused increased sectionalism because slaves were deemed property and because it declared Missouri Compromise line unconstitutional

Dred Scot vs. Sandford (1857)

10

novel which played upon stereotypes to appeal to anti-slavery feelings of northerners

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)

11

anti-slavery novel which attacked slavery from an economic standpoint (said slavery impeded industrial development)

The Impending Crisis in the South (1857)

12

author of Uncle Tom's Cabin

Harriet Tubman

13

author of Impending Crisis in the South

Hinton Helper

14

pro-slavery novel which argued paternalistic slavery protected blacks from becoming "wage slaves" in north

Cannibals All! (1857)

15

author of Cannibals All!

George Fitzhugh

16

term that referred to violence between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas

Bleeding Kansas

17

federal arsenal in Virginia raided by John Brown in his attempt to start a massive slave revolt in 1859

Harper's Ferry

18

radical abolitionist whose raid of Harper's Ferry resulted in his execution

John Brown

19

political party comprised of "conscience Whigs" and anti-slavery Democrats; wanted no expansion of slavery into territories

Free Soil Party

20

one of the two political parties in the 2nd Party system, it died out in the 1850s because it never took a clear stance on slavery

Whig Party

21

northern political party comprised of nativists (old Protestants) who hated Irish Catholic and German Catholic immigrants; took votes from Whigs thus contributing to Whig decline

American Party ("Know-Nothings")

22

political party that formed as direct result of Kansas-Nebraska Act; comprised of groups who opposed slavery or its extension (Free Soilers, conscience Whigs, anti-slavery Democrats, radical abolitionists

Republican Party

23

idea promoted by early Republican Party that said slavery was economically inefficient

free labor ideology

24

Democratic senator from Illinois who believed in popular sovereignty; ran against Lincoln for presidency in 1860

Stephen Douglas

25

people who wanted to abolish slavery

abolitionists

26

freed all slaves during Civil War only in those areas in rebellion

Emancipation Proclamation