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Flashcards in Unit 19 Deck (40):
1

term created by Eisenhower that described weapons makers and military influence on US foreign policy

“military-industrial” complex

2

Soviet leader after the death of Stalin

Nikita Khrushchev

3

term that referred to idea that a nuclear attack by one nation would result in the destruction of both nations

Mutual assured destruction (MAD)

4

Cuban dictator in 1950s; overthrown by communist revolution in 1959

Fulgencio Batista

5

Cuban communist leader who overthrew US- backed dictatorship in 1959

Fidel Castro

6

communist-nationalist leader of Vietnamese

Ho Chi Minh

7

fortress where French were defeated by Vietminh in Vietnam in 1954; resulted in French withdrawal and American involvement in Vietnam

Dien Bien Phu

8

after French defeat, these split Vietnam at the 17th parallel into communist north, non-communist south

Geneva Peace Accords, 1954

9

idea that if one country in southeast Asia was allowed to fall to communists, others would soon follow

Domino theory

10

Cited national security reasons to build interstate highways (troop/nuke movements)

Highway Act of 1956

11

term created by David Riesman of Harvard; referred to concept that people measured themselves against images created by mass media

“other-directed” society

12

cultural controversy of the 1950s that claimed American culture was becoming too standardized

Mass Culture Debate

13

said women were natural child rearers; future of US depended on their role; wrote parenting books that promoted traditional gender roles for women

Dr. Benjamin Spock

14

example of youth's revolt against conformity; 1st great "rock and roll" star; lyrics and moves seen as sexually promiscuous and "black"

Elvis Presley

15

example of male revolt against conformity; founded Playboy magazine

Hugh Hefner

16

example of female revolt against conformity; method of contraception that became available in 1960

Birth control pill

17

leader of NAACP in 1950s; later became 1st black Supreme Court justice

Thurgood Marshall

18

Chief Justice of Supreme Court appointed by Eisenhower; moderate views helped civil rights movement

Earl Warren

19

court case that ruled state mandated segregation of schools violated Constitution (equal protection under law)

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

20

court case that ruled desegregation would move forward “with all deliberate speed”

Brown II (1955)

21

100 members of Congress denounce Supreme Court’s segregationist rulings and said they would support any legal resistance

Southern Manifesto

22

black woman whose refusal to relinquish her seat on bus sparked awareness of civil rights in 1954

Rosa Parks

23

his leadership of Montgomery Bus Boycott makes him the leader of the entire civil rights movement to many

Martin Luther King

24

civil rights organization of MLK that demanded desegregation of public facilities, started voter registration drive, and promoted passive civil disobedience

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

25

Expedited lawsuits by African-Americans who claimed voting rights were violated and created Commission on Civil Rights to advise govt on issues

Civil Rights Act of 1957

26

high school that was forcibly desegregated by US troops in 1957 on the orders of Eisenhower

Little Rock Central High School

27

claimed US was becoming “other directed” society of conformists

David Riesman (Harvard)

28

wrote The Affluent Society; claimed wealthy Americans needed to spend more for common good

John Kenneth Galbraith

29

wrote The Catcher in the Rye; showed individual struggle against conformity (Holden Caufield)and refers to “phoniness” of society

J. D. Salinger

30

leader of Beats; wrote On the Road; rebelled against conformity by promoting spontaneity, drugs, improvised jazz, and unorthodox literary styles to rebel against conformity

Jack Kerouac

31

Senator from Arizona who started modern conservative movement (reducing support of civil rights and domestic programs, tougher policies toward USSR

Barry Goldwater

32

first artificial satellite in space; launched by USSR in 1957

Sputnik

33

space agency founded largely as reaction to Soviet launch of Sputnik

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

34

failed 1961 invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles (lacked enough American support)

Bay of Pigs invasion

35

1962 crisis in which Soviets attempted to place nuclear missiles on Cuba; JFK responded with blockade

Cuban Missile Crisis

36

largest civil rights march of 1960s; MLK gave "I have a dream" speech

March on Washington (1963)

37

wrote The Feminine Mystique (1963); cmplained about confinement to home and lack of career opportunities for women

Betty Friedan

38

conservative female activist who believed equality with men would take away many of their privileges in society (like exemption from draft)

Phyllis Schafly

39

accused assassin of JFK; assassinated by Jack Ruby

Lee Harvey Oswald

40

commission set up to investigate JFK and Oswald assassinations; said both Oswald and Ruby acted alone

Warren Commission