Unit 16 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Unit 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 16 Deck (29):
1

term that referred to the stock market collapse of 29 October 1929

Black Tuesday

2

trying to make a profit on something in the short-term solely by guessing about price fluctuations

Speculation

3

stock market index that measures the prices of the country's 30 leading corporations

Dow Jones Industrial Average

4

buying stock by paying for only a small fraction of the actual stock up front (10%) and borrowing the rest

buying on margin

5

tariff that raised taxes on agricultural and manufactured goods that deepened the Depression in 1930

Hawley-Smoot Tariff (Tariff Act of 1930)

6

Herbert Hoover's approach to the Depression that urged Americans to FREELY do certain things to help the economy

associationalism

7

under Hoover, it gave loans to banks, corps that would “trickle down” to common people

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

8

group of 20,000 WWI vets who marched on Washington to get their promised $1,000 war bonus early in 1932

Bonus Army

9

US general who dispersed the Bonus Army

Douglas MacArthur

10

FDR’s plan to alleviate Depression

New Deal

11

term that refers to FDR's 1st 3 months in office when 15 major pieces of legislation were passed

Hundred Days

12

bank reform: insured deposits up to $5000 per account (1933)

FDIC (Federal Depositor's Insurance Corporation)

13

law that limited buying on margin and bank reform: established Securities and Exchange Commission to enforce new market rules (insider trading)

Securities Exchange Act (1933)

14

relief to poor: $500 million in relief to poor

Federal Emergency Relief Administration

15

relief to poor: Put 2 million young men to work in various beautification projects (improving environment)

Civilian Conservation Corps

16

relief to poor: Put 4 million unemployed to work in various projects ($15 per week)

Civil Works Administration

17

relief to poor: To refinance mortgages

Homeowners Loan Corporation

18

agricultural problems: Paid farmers subsidies to reduce land cultivation and herds (to drive up prices)

Agricultural Adjustment Administration

19

industrial problems: tried to persuade industrial leaders to reduce hours of production and raise wages to at least 30-40 cents/hour

National Recovery Administration

20

infrastructure: $3.3 billion to build roads, bridges, sewers, hospitals, airports, schools (Hoover Dam!)

Public Works Administration

21

infrastructure: Controlled flooding of Tenn. River; harnessed power for electricity and developed industry

Tennessee Valley Authority

22

2nd New Deal: $ to elderly poor, unemployed, disabled, unmarried mothers w/ children; pension for retirement

Social Security Act

23

2nd New Deal: workers had right to join union; employers had to bargain in good faith

National Labor Relations Act

24

2nd New Deal: Schools, playgrounds, airports, hospitals, roads, public art projects; employed 30% of unemployed

Works Progress Administration

25

Louisiana politician who called for more radical re-distribution of American wealth by guaranteeing each family a $5,000 estate and "sharing the wealth"

Huey Long

26

"radio priest" who said Depression was fault of Jews and that average workers needed more

Father Charles Coughlin

27

said senior citizens not helped enough by New Deal; sought to give every senior citizen $200 per month; forebearer of Social Security

Dr. Charles Francis Townsend

28

law that restored ancestral lands to Indian tribes, allowed them to establish self-government, and longer pushed assimilation

Indian Reorganization Act

29

FDR's unpopular attempt to load the Supreme Court with liberal justices to uphold his New Deal programs

“court packing” attempt of 1937