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Flashcards in Unit 20 Deck (39):
1

took over Presidency upon JFK's assassination (1963-68)

Lyndon Johnson

2

phrase used by LBJ to describe his attempt to eliminate poverty in US

“war on poverty”

3

Outlawed discrimination in public transport and facilities (hotels, restaurants)

Civil Rights Act of 1964

4

nationally funded medical coverage for elderly created by LBJ

Medicare

5

nationally funded medical care for low-income citizens created by LBJ

Medicaid

6

mandated federal oversight of elections in South

Voting Rights Act of 1965

7

early school start for 3 year olds in low income families

Head Start

8

8/64: US destroyer Maddox exchanged fire with North Vietnamese; resulted in LBJ expanding the war in Vietnam

Gulf of Tonkin Incident

9

Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam

Vietcong (VC—aka “Charlie”)

10

Regular North Vietnamese Army that fought along border (DMZ: demilitarized zone) between North and South Vietnam

North Vietnamese Army (NVA)

11

communist supply trail that ran through Laos and Cambodia into South Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh Trail

12

US strategy of establishing enclaves and searching South Vietnamese countryside for VC

“search and destroy”

13

code name for saturation bombing of Vietnam by US Air Force

Operation Rolling Thunder

14

Young liberals who tried to distance themselves from traditional Democrats who weren’t fulfilling American ideals

“New” Left

15

student group that wrote Port Huron Statement; believed in greater democracy, more civil rights, and more equitable distribution of wealth

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

16

Nickname for group that rebelled against social mainstream; most represented by "hippie" movement

The Counterculture

17

district in San Francisco that was center of the Counterculture

Haight-Ashbury

18

Comprised of those who lost patience with non-violent, gradualist approach of MLK

Black Power Movement

19

part of Black Power movement and Nation of Islam; believed in black self-defense and immediate equality with whites

Malcolm X

20

originally part of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, he later formed more militant Black Panther Party

Stokely Carmichael

21

Murder of app. 350-500 South Vietnamese civilians (mostly women, children) by platoon led by William Calley

My Lai Massacre

22

most famous protest of Vietnam War; Ohio National Guard kills 4 student protesters on college campus

Kent State, 1970

23

massive 1968 offensive by VC and NVA; resulted in public opinion in US turning against war

Tet Offensive

24

civil rights leader assassinated in 1968 in Memphis

Martin Luther King

25

Democratic presidential candidate assassinated in 1968 after having won California primary

Robert Kennedy

26

resulted in division within Democratic Party between pro-war and anti-war factions

Democratic National Convention 1968

27

ran as American-Independent in 1968; was anti-integration, anti-Great Society, anti-counterculture

George Wallace

28

nickname for LBJ's domestic program

Great Society

29

Republican Party candidate in 1968

Richard Nixon

30

term that described the plan to train South Vietnamese to take over war effort

Vietnamization

31

term that describes diplomatic attempts to improve US-Chinese relations under Nixon

“ping-pong diplomacy”

32

term to describe easing of tensions with USSR under Nixon

Détente

33

treaty between US and USSR that froze nuclear weapons at current (1972) levels

SALT: Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (1972)

34

unusual circumstance of high unemployment AND high inflation under Nixon

Stagflation

35

Nickname for scandal that caused Nixon to re-sign in 1974

Watergate

36

Committee to Re-Elect the President; its "burglars" attempted to steal campaign secrets from the Democrats

CREEP

37

became President after resignation of Richard Nixon

Gerald Ford

38

book by Rachel Carson that raised concerns about the use of pesticides in agriculture; credited with starting modern environmental movement

Silent Spring

39

founded in 1966 by Betty Friedan and Shirley Chisolm, it is the largest women's organization that works to secure political, professional, and educational equality for women

National Organization of Women (NOW)