367-374 Flashcards Preview

freshmen year > 367-374 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 367-374 Deck (38):
0

What had guaranteed that Italy failed to develop a centralized monarchical state?

Papal opposition to the Hohenstaufens

1

What was the kingdom of Naples dominated by?

the French house of Anjou

2

What was Sicily ruled by?

the Spanish house of Aragon

3

Who became fairly well centralized territorial states?

Milan, Venice, Florence

4

Where was Milan located?

located at the crossroads of the main trade routes fro Italian coastal cities to the Alpine passes. it was one of the richest city-states in Italy

5

Who established themselves as dukes of Milan and extended their power over all of Lombardy?

members of the Visconti family

6

Who was the Visconti ruler of Milan?

Francesco Sforza

7

What is a condottiere?

leader of a mercenary band

8

Who did Francesco Sforza turn on?

his Milanese employers

9

How did Venice grow rich?

from commercial activity throughout the eastern Mediterranean and into Northern Europe

10

What region did Florence dominate?

Tuscany

11

What did Cosimo de' Medici do in 1434?

assumed control of the ruling oligarchy

12

What was Urbino ruled by?

the Montefeltro dynasty

13

Who was the most famous of the ruling Italian women

Isabella d'Este, daughter of the duke of Ferrara.
Called the "first lady of the world"

14

Who did she attract to the Mantuan court?

artists and intellectuals

15

How many men where in French King Charles VIII's army?

30,000 men
he occupied the kingdom of Naples

16

Even though Niccolo Machiavelli was a diplomat for Florence, what eventually happened to him?

he was forced into exile

17

What did he write?

The Prince

18

Who was Cesare Borgia?

the son of Pope Alexander VI

19

When did the struggle between the papacy and the seclaar monarchies begin?

during the pontificate of Pope Boniface VIII

20

What was the strongest statement ever made by a pope on the supremacy of the spiritual authority over the temporal authority?

Unam Sanctam

21

Where was the pope captured?

Anagni

22

Where did Clement V take residence?

Avignon

23

Where was Avignon?

on the east bank of the Rhone RIver

24

Who's saintly demeanor and claims of visions from God led the city of Florence to send her on a mission to Pope Gregory XI in Avignon?

Catherine of Siena

25

Who was the leadership in convening a council eventually passed to?

the holy Roman emperor Sigismund

26

Who called for an end to the worldliness and corruption of the clergy and attacked the excessive power of the papacy within the Catholic Church?

John Hus

27

When did Catherine of Siena's admonition seem to be heeded?

when t long last Pope Gregory XI perceiving the disastrous decline in papal prestige, returned to Rome

28

Who did thecardinals elect as Pope?

Urban VI

29

Who was the other Pope?

Clement VII

30

What did this start?

the great schism

31

Who spported clement?

france,m Spain scotland, southern Italy

32

Who supported Urban

England, Germany, Scandinavia and most of Italy

33

Who was the lleadership in convning a council passed to?

the holy roman emperor Sigismund

34

Who was the new Pope elected?

Pope Martin V

35

What did John Hus call for?

an end to the worldliness and corruption of the clergy and attacked the excessive power of the papacy within the Catholic Church

36

What did the Counci of Constance attempt to deal with?

growing problem of heresy

37

What led to a decline in papal prestige?

the residency of the popes in Avignon for almost three quarters of the 14 cntury led to a decline in papal prestige and a growinf antipapal sentiment