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Flashcards in English Midterm Deck (85):
1

admonish

to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty

2

breach

an opening, gap, rupture, rift, a violation or infraction: to create an opening, break through

3

brigand

a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman

4

circumspect

careful, caution

5

commandeer

to seize for military or official use

6

cumbersome

clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving

7

deadlock

a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces of faction; to bring to such a standstill

8

debris

scattered fragments, wreckage

9

diffuse

to spread or scatter freely or widely; wordy, long-winded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread

10

dilemma

a difficult or perplexing situation or problem

11

efface

to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed

12

muddle

to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by; a hopeless mess

13

opinionated

stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas. having a closed mind BRADLEY

14

perennial

lasting for a long time, persistent, a plant that lives for many yeears

15

predispose

to incline to beforehand

16

relinquish

to let go, give up

17

salvage

to save from fire or shipwreck. property thus saved

18

spasmodic

sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

19

spurious

not genuine, not true, not valid

20

unbridled

uncontrolled, lacking in restraint

21

adjorn

to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place

22

alien

a citizen of another country; foreign, strange

23

comely

having a pleasing appearance

24

compensate

to make up for; to repay for services

25

dissolute

loose in one's morals or behavior

26

erratic

not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable

27

expulsion

the process of driving or forcing out

28

feint

a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement; to make a pretense of

29

fodder

food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose

30

fortify

to strengthen, build up

31

illegible

difficult or impossible to read

32

jeer

to make fun of rudely or unkindly; a rude remark of derision

33

lucrative

bringing in money; profitable

34

mediocre

average, ordinary, undistinguished

35

proliferate

to reproduce, increase, or spread rapidly

36

subjugate

to conquer by force, bring under complete control

37

sully

to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch

38

tantalize

to tease, torment by teasing

39

terse

brief and to the point

40

unflinching

firm, showing no signs of fear, not drawing back

41

What is a linking verb? Give examples.

Can stand alone in a sentence. Am, is, are, was, were, be....

42

What is a verb?

A verb expresses action or a state of being

43

What are three types of verbs?

Action verbs, linking verbs, helping verbs

44

What is a helping verb? Give examples.

A helping verb is always HELPING either an action verb or linking verb. It cannot stand alone In a sentence.
Do, does, did, am, is, are, was, were, be, been, would

I will play the piano (helping verb and action verb)
I will be a teacher (helping verb and linking verb)

45

Is NOT a verb?

Noooooooo

46

Identify verb types in these verb phrases:

Should go - should (helping/auxiliary) go (main verb)
Has been given - has been (helping/auxiliary verb) given (main)
Will be leaving - will be (helping/auxiliary verb) leaving (main )

47

In what kinds of sentence can verb phrases be broken apart?
(HAVE my jeans BEEN WASHED?)

Interrogative/question sentence

48

In what kind of sentence are verb phrases kept together?
The window MUST HAVE BEEN BROKEN.

Declarative/statements

49

List some common prepositions.

About, above, behind, below, between, down, during, except, for, from, in, like, of, on, over, past, since, to, toward, under, until, up, with, within

50

What is figurative language?

A way of saying something other than using the literal meaning of the words.

51

Name the types of figurative language.

Personification, metaphor, simile, alliteration, oxymoron, imagery, symbolism, assonance, consonance, repetition, onomatopoeia, hyperbole

52

Give example of a figure of speech

"Rocked back and forth like an empty cradle" - simile from Scarlet Ibis

53

What is plot?

The sequence of events in a story.
Plot is composed of introduction/exposition, rising action, climax, falling action,resolution

54

Give an example of part of a plot.

"Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use the stones." Climax-The Lottery

55

What is setting? Give example.

Time and place that story takes place. Ex: 9 o'clock in the evening in the bath The Landlady

56

What is point of view? 1st 2nd 3rd?

Who is telling the story
1st- author is talking
2nd?
3rd- author is talking about characters

57

Give an example of a short story and what person it is told in.

Love is told in the 3rd person

58

What are tone/mood?

The attitude or feeling of the story

59

Give an example of the tone/mood of one of your short stories

The Scarlet Ibis had a depressing tone

60

What is conflict?

The problem of the story

61

Give an example of conflict from your short stories

The Lottery - the conflict was man vs. the group

62

What is foreshadowing?

Writers use of hints or clues to indicate events or situations that will occur later.

63

Give an example of foreshadowing?

"I stuff all of my little pets when they pass away." The Landlady

64

What is universal theme?

Main idea such as love as in the short story Love

65

What is irony?

When reality is the opposite of what it seems

66

Give an example of irony in a short story you've read

"Renaming my brother was perhaps the kindest thing I ever did for him because nobody expects much from someone called Doodle."

67

What three types of irony are there?

Situational, dramatic, verbal

68

What is characterization and what two types are there?

It is how you describe the character(s). Two types are direct and indirect

69

Give an example of characterization in one of your novels

Indirect characterization in Of Mice and Men: Steinbeck doesn't say that Lennie is mentally challenged but from things he says and does in the story, you can figure it out

70

What is diction?

Diction is the authors choice of words.

71

Give an example of diction.

"Cross their hearts and hope to die" Scarlet Ibis

72

What is an introduction/broad statement in a writing piece?

It is the

73

What is the definition of thesis statement in a writing piece and where do you find it in a piece?

It is

74

What are transition words or phrases and where do you find them?

They are

75

What is MLA format and what is it used for?

Headings-
In-text citations-
Quotation citations-

76

What quotes will you use to support your essay about Of Mice and Men.

"

77

What three map points will you use for your essay?

1. Lennie was part of the dream
2. Why he couldn't go on without Lennie
3. What George's life would have bee like without Lennie.

78

What is a common noun?

A noun usually preceded by "the"- represents one or all members of a CLASS of things. (The cat, the cats) includes subgroups of concrete and abstract nouns)

79

What is a concrete noun?

It refers to things that exist physically. Tangible objects. Person, place or thing. Cat, house etc

80

What is an abstract noun.

It refers to something you can't physically interact with. Intangible "concepts" like love. Ex: " Send them my love." You can really send love.

81

What is a proper noun?

They Name Specific entities such as London, Jupiter, Starbucks.
Start with capital letter

82

What is a collective noun?

Collective nouns denote a group as a single entity (can be people , animals, objects, concepts)
Ex: the army, band, cast, committee

83

What is a plural noun?

Nouns with "s" added to them to indicate more than one: boys, books, boxes

84

What is a singular noun?

When a noun means only ONE of something: box, boy, book

85

What is a prepositional phrase?

A phrase that usually starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or clause which is its object. It might have a modifier also.
Ex: " From (preposition) my (modifier) grandmother ( noun)