Flashcards in English Midterm Deck (85):
to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
an opening, gap, rupture, rift, a violation or infraction: to create an opening, break through
a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
to seize for military or official use
clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving
a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces of faction; to bring to such a standstill
scattered fragments, wreckage
to spread or scatter freely or widely; wordy, long-winded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread
a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed
to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by; a hopeless mess
stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas. having a closed mind BRADLEY
lasting for a long time, persistent, a plant that lives for many yeears
to incline to beforehand
to let go, give up
to save from fire or shipwreck. property thus saved
sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent
not genuine, not true, not valid
uncontrolled, lacking in restraint
to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place
a citizen of another country; foreign, strange
having a pleasing appearance
to make up for; to repay for services
loose in one's morals or behavior
not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable
the process of driving or forcing out
a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement; to make a pretense of
food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose
to strengthen, build up
difficult or impossible to read
to make fun of rudely or unkindly; a rude remark of derision
bringing in money; profitable
average, ordinary, undistinguished
to reproduce, increase, or spread rapidly
to conquer by force, bring under complete control
to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch
to tease, torment by teasing
brief and to the point
firm, showing no signs of fear, not drawing back
What is a linking verb? Give examples.
Can stand alone in a sentence. Am, is, are, was, were, be....
What is a verb?
A verb expresses action or a state of being
What are three types of verbs?
Action verbs, linking verbs, helping verbs
What is a helping verb? Give examples.
A helping verb is always HELPING either an action verb or linking verb. It cannot stand alone In a sentence.
Do, does, did, am, is, are, was, were, be, been, would
I will play the piano (helping verb and action verb)
I will be a teacher (helping verb and linking verb)
Is NOT a verb?
Identify verb types in these verb phrases:
Should go - should (helping/auxiliary) go (main verb)
Has been given - has been (helping/auxiliary verb) given (main)
Will be leaving - will be (helping/auxiliary verb) leaving (main )
In what kinds of sentence can verb phrases be broken apart?
(HAVE my jeans BEEN WASHED?)
In what kind of sentence are verb phrases kept together?
The window MUST HAVE BEEN BROKEN.
List some common prepositions.
About, above, behind, below, between, down, during, except, for, from, in, like, of, on, over, past, since, to, toward, under, until, up, with, within
What is figurative language?
A way of saying something other than using the literal meaning of the words.
Name the types of figurative language.
Personification, metaphor, simile, alliteration, oxymoron, imagery, symbolism, assonance, consonance, repetition, onomatopoeia, hyperbole
Give example of a figure of speech
"Rocked back and forth like an empty cradle" - simile from Scarlet Ibis
What is plot?
The sequence of events in a story.
Plot is composed of introduction/exposition, rising action, climax, falling action,resolution
Give an example of part of a plot.
"Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use the stones." Climax-The Lottery
What is setting? Give example.
Time and place that story takes place. Ex: 9 o'clock in the evening in the bath The Landlady
What is point of view? 1st 2nd 3rd?
Who is telling the story
1st- author is talking
3rd- author is talking about characters
Give an example of a short story and what person it is told in.
Love is told in the 3rd person
What are tone/mood?
The attitude or feeling of the story
Give an example of the tone/mood of one of your short stories
The Scarlet Ibis had a depressing tone
What is conflict?
The problem of the story
Give an example of conflict from your short stories
The Lottery - the conflict was man vs. the group
What is foreshadowing?
Writers use of hints or clues to indicate events or situations that will occur later.
Give an example of foreshadowing?
"I stuff all of my little pets when they pass away." The Landlady
What is universal theme?
Main idea such as love as in the short story Love
What is irony?
When reality is the opposite of what it seems
Give an example of irony in a short story you've read
"Renaming my brother was perhaps the kindest thing I ever did for him because nobody expects much from someone called Doodle."
What three types of irony are there?
Situational, dramatic, verbal
What is characterization and what two types are there?
It is how you describe the character(s). Two types are direct and indirect
Give an example of characterization in one of your novels
Indirect characterization in Of Mice and Men: Steinbeck doesn't say that Lennie is mentally challenged but from things he says and does in the story, you can figure it out
What is diction?
Diction is the authors choice of words.
Give an example of diction.
"Cross their hearts and hope to die" Scarlet Ibis
What is an introduction/broad statement in a writing piece?
It is the
What is the definition of thesis statement in a writing piece and where do you find it in a piece?
What are transition words or phrases and where do you find them?
What is MLA format and what is it used for?
What quotes will you use to support your essay about Of Mice and Men.
What three map points will you use for your essay?
1. Lennie was part of the dream
2. Why he couldn't go on without Lennie
3. What George's life would have bee like without Lennie.
What is a common noun?
A noun usually preceded by "the"- represents one or all members of a CLASS of things. (The cat, the cats) includes subgroups of concrete and abstract nouns)
What is a concrete noun?
It refers to things that exist physically. Tangible objects. Person, place or thing. Cat, house etc
What is an abstract noun.
It refers to something you can't physically interact with. Intangible "concepts" like love. Ex: " Send them my love." You can really send love.
What is a proper noun?
They Name Specific entities such as London, Jupiter, Starbucks.
Start with capital letter
What is a collective noun?
Collective nouns denote a group as a single entity (can be people , animals, objects, concepts)
Ex: the army, band, cast, committee
What is a plural noun?
Nouns with "s" added to them to indicate more than one: boys, books, boxes
What is a singular noun?
When a noun means only ONE of something: box, boy, book