Rome- 155-157 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rome- 155-157 Deck (22):
1

What did the Late Empire include?

a new governmental structure
a rigid economic and social system
new state religion (christianity)

2

What did the emperor Diocletian do?

divided the empire into four administrative units
his military seniority enabled him to claim a higher status and hold the ultimate authority

3

What did the emperor Constantine do?

continued and expanded the autocratic policies of Diocletian's military seniority

4

What are illustres?

illustrious ones

5

What are illustrissimi?

most illustrious ones

6

How many men was the army enlarged to?

500,000 men

7

What was Constantine's biggest project?

the construction of a new capital cit in the east on the site of the Greek city of Byzantium on the shores of the Bosporus.
Eventually renamed Constantinople (modern Istanbul)

8

Why was it developed?

defensive reasons.
it had an excellent strategic location

9

What did Diocletian do to fight inflation?

restored to issuing a price edict in 301 that established maximum wages and prices for the entire empire, but despite severe penalties, it was unenforceable and failed to work

10

What did the emperors issue that forced people to remain in their designated vocations?

edicts

11

What kinds of jobs became hereditary?

basic jobs such as bakers and shippers

12

What were the economic and social policies of Diocletian and Constantine based on?

an unprecedented degree of control and coercion

13

What were the ferocious warriors from Asia known as?

Huns

14

Who may the Huns have ben related to?

Xiongnu, the invaders of the Han Chinese empire

15

Who did the Huns put pressure on?

Germanic Visigoths

16

Where did the Germanic Visigoths move?

south and west, crossed the Danube into Roman territory and settled down as Roman allies

17

Where did the Romans attempt to stop the Visigoths?

Adrianople

18

Who poured into southern Spain and Africa?

Vandals

19

Where did the Visigoths go?

into Spain and Gaul

20

in 455, the Vandals crossed into Italy and sacked Rome, coming from where?

North Africa

21

What happened 21 years later?

the western emperor Romulus Augustulus was deposed, and a series of Germanic kingdoms replaced the Roman Empire in the west while an Eastern Roman Empire continued with its center at Constantinople

22

Why did the Roman Empire fall?

Christianity's emphasis on a spiritual kingdom undermined Roman military virtues and patriotism
traditional Roman values declined as non-Italians gained prominence in the empire
lead poisoning through leaden water pipes and cups caused a mental decline
plague decimated the population
Rome failed to advance technology because of slavery
Rome was unable to achieve a workable political system