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freshmen year > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (33):
1

List the groups of foods

fruits, dairy, grains, protein, fats sweets oils, veggies

2

What is the difference between saturated fats and unsaturated fat?

Saturated fats- solid fat at room temperature
Unsaturated fats- liquid fat at room temperature

3

What provides no energy to the body directly, but helps unleash energy stored in foods?

Vitamin

4

What does a lacto vegetarian restrict?

excludes eggs, fish, poultry, and meat

5

What does a vegan restrict?

excludes all foods of animal origin

6

What does a semi-vegetarian restrict?

excludes all red meat

7

What does an ovo-lacto vegetarian restrict?

excludes fish, poultry and red meat

8

What does protein do for the body?

growth

9

The _________ are recommendations for diet choices for healthy americans who are 2 years of age or older

dietary guidelines

10

What is the sum of the process by which we consume and use food?

nutrition

11

A unit of energy produced by food is called a what?

calorie

12

What is a vitamin?

a nutrient that helps the body use carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. They provide no energy to the body directly but help unleash energy stored in C, P, and F

13

What is a mineral?

a nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body

14

What is the physiological need for food?

hunger

15

What is the rate at which food is converted into energy in body cells?

metabolism

16

What is the sugars and starches found in foods. They are the main source of energy for the body.

Carbohydrate

17

The fat like substance made by the body and found in certain foods is what?

Cholesterol

18

An eating strategy in which a few days of very low carbohydrate intake is followed by a few days of very high carbohydrate intake is called what?

Carbohydrate loading

19

An eating strategy in which extra protein is eaten to increase muscle size is called what?

protein loading

20

What is 10% below desirable body weight

underweight

21

What is 10% above desirable body weight?

overweight

22

What is anorexia?

an eating disorder in which a person starves himself or herself and weighs 15% or more below desirable weight

23

What is antioxidant?

protects cells from oxidation

24

What is osteoporosis

bone deterioation

25

What is embolism

a blockage in an artery in the blood

26

What is atherosclerosis

plaque on artery walls

27

What is cardiovascular disease?

disease of the heart and blood vessel

28

What are the 3 types of foods that provide energy?

Protein, carbohydrate, fats

29

How can you reduce the risk of developing cancer?

avoid obesity, eat fruit veggies fiber, limit fat intake, do not drink alcohol as a teen

30

How can you reduce your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease?

limit your fat intake, increase your intake of foods containing antioxidants, limit your intake of sodium

31

How can you reduce your risk of developing osteoportosis?

weight bearing exercise, avoid smoking

32

What is dehydration?

when water content of the body is low

33

Can dehydration cause headaches?

yes