Islam. 197-202 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Islam. 197-202 Deck (38):
0

What did some of Muhammad's followers not agree with?

the selection of Abu Bakr as the first caliph and promoted the candidacy of Muhammad Ali

1

Who was Muhammad Ali?

Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law

2

After Abu Bakr's death, who was the office passed to?

Umar

3

Who was Umar?

Another one of Muhammad's followers

4

Who was Umar's successor?

Uthman

5

who was Mu'awiyah?

the governor of Syria and one of Ali's chief rivals

6

Who were a branch of the Quraishi clan?

Umayyads

7

Where was the new caliphates capital?

Damascus

8

Who were the Berbers?

primarily pastoral people living along the mediterranean coast and in the mountains in the interior

9

Who was the Berber's commander?

Tariq

10

What did Tariq cross?

Strait of Gibaltar

11

What was the visigothic kingdom weakened by?

internecine warfare

12

Which peninsula became a muslim state with its center in andalusia

Iberian

13

Who defeated the Arab force?

Charles Martel between Tours and POitiers

14

Who defeated the Arabs?

the Franks

15

What battle was the high-water mark of Arab expansion in Europe?

Battle of Tours

16

Who was Ali's second son?

Hussein

17

Who were Hussein's supporters?

Shi'ites

18

What does Shi'ites come from?

the Arabic phrase shi'at Ali or "partisans of ALi"

19

A schism occurred between who?

Shi'ite and Sunnite

20

Who was Abu al Abbas?

led a revolt
a descendant of MUhammad's uncle
led to the overthrow of the Umayyads and the establishment of the Abbasid dynasty in what is now Iraq

21

Where did the Abbasids build a new capital city?

Baghdad on the Tigris River far to the east of the Umayyad capital at Damascus

22

Who was Harun al-Rashid

best known of the caliphs
Harun "the upright"
reign is often described as the golden age of the Abbasid culture

23

Who was Harun al-Rashid's son?

al-Ma'mum

24

What us a council called?

diwan

25

What is a prime minister called?

vizier

26

Who was Harun's other son?

Amin

27

Who received large pensions from the state treasury?

members of hashemite clan

28

Who was Harun's wife?

Zubaida

29

Who amassed vast wealth and power until Harun eliminated the entire clan in a fit of jealously?

Barmakids

30

What became independent?

Morocco

31

What was the Shi'ite dynasty under?

the Fatmids

32

What was the Arab holy book?

the Koran

33

Who were the Seljuk Turks?

nomadic people from Central Asia who had converted to Islam and flourished as military mercenaries for the Abbasid caliphate where they were known for their ability as mounted archers

34

What does sultan mean?

holder of power

35

Where was the Turks army routed?

Manzikert near Lake Van in eastern Turkey

36

What peninsula was taken over?

Anatolian

37

What was another sacred document?

Shari'ah