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Flashcards in Animal Growth Section Deck (95)
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61

Def of nutrient

Any food constituent that aids in support of life

62

The cost of feed is _____ % of the total cost of livestock production

50-80%

63

What are the 6 major classes of nutrients

Water (most important)
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Fats
Vitamins
Minerals

64

What is essential versus nonessential nutrients

Essential is nutrients your body cannot synthesis in sufficient quantities to meet needs you need to consume it

65

What distinguishes proteins

Nitrogenous compounds

66

Water soluble vitamins are considered

B-complex vitamins

67

What are some major functions of nutrients

Body maintenance
Growth
Production of meat, milk, wool...
Work (energy/atp)
Reproduction
Regulate body processes

68

What do nutrients regulate body processes

Gene expression
Protein production
Hormone action
Supply energy for metabolic processes

69

In plants vs animals, water

Varies with both 45-90%

70

Animals vs plants carbohydrates are what

High in plants

Low in animals

71

In plants vs animals cell walls/cell membranes consist of

Carbs in plants
Lipid and proteins in animals

72

Plantvs animals
Skeletal consists of

Fiber for plants
Minerals for animals

73

In plants vs animals energy is stored

Plants- starch
Animals- fat and glycogen(carb)

74

What is major carb in animals

Glycogen

75

In water you can what (sources)

Drink eat metabolism

76

What are the functions of water

Transporting medium
Maintains body temp
Solvent

77

Proportions of animals body that is water ________
An embryo to a newborn difference in percentage of proption of water

Varies

90% embryo to 70% newborn shows differentiation

78

All animals depend on nutrients derived by ____________ where sunlight turns water and carbon dioxide into sugar

Photosynthesis

79

What does photosynthesis do

Sunlight turns water and carbon dioxide into sugar

80

What is the equation for photosynthesis

6H2O + 6 CO2 + 673 kcal get turned into C6H12O6 + 6O2

Kcal = energy from sun (atp)

81

What do carbohydrates contain

Carbon hydrogen and oxygen

82

What do carbs include

Sugars
Starches
Cellulose
(Fiber)

83

What are monosaccharides equations

C6H12O6
C5H10O5

84

Name the six carbon sugars monosaccharides

Glucose
Galactose
Fructose
Mannose

85

Name the 5 carbon monosaccharides

Ribose
Arabinose
xylose

86

Glucose and fructose compared show what

That they share common components but diffeeent structural formation

87

Name the disaccharides

Sucrose
Maltose
Lactose

88

What is sucrose made up of?

Maltose

Lactose

Glucose and fructose

Glucose and glucose

Glucose and galactose

89

What is the sweetest disaccharide how much sweeter are the others

Sucrose

1/3 as sweet is maltose
1/6 as sweet is lactose

90

When creating sucrose you bond _____ and _____ to create sucrose and you leave out _____ _____

Glucose and fructose

Metabolic water