Flashcards in Bacteria 2 Deck (80)
What does the exotoxin of Whooping Cough do?
Leads to local ciliary paralysis
What does the DPT vaccine do for cases of Whooping Cough?
Gives immunization to Exotoxin
What is the Pertussis vaccine called?
Tdap for 10 years and older, DTaP for children younger than 7 years
What does Diphtheria look like?
Gram + rod
What does the exotoxin do in Diphtheria?
Inhibits protein synthesis and leads to fatty myocardial changes
Biggest reason for death with Diphtheria?
What type of infection are UTIs generally?
Gram negative infections
What are the 2 main types of gram - infections?
1)Spread of organisms that have colonized GI tract
2) Contamination of tissues and materials from hospital environment
Cause of most uncomplicated UTIs in absence of obstruction?
What causes suppurative infections of abdominal cavity?
Secondary to obstruction, perforation, and trauma
What is Klebsiella pneumonia associated with?
Aspiration in hospital setting
Characteristic of Klebsiella and Enterobacter in septicemia?
Association with thick mucoid capsule
Defining characterstic of proteus marabilis?
Staghorn pyelonephritis due to chronic pyelonephritis
What does Serrate marcescens cause?
Pneumonia and UTIs
What defines Pseudomonas aeruginosa histologically?
Blue haze around blood vessels
What is the common pathogenic organism in cystic fibrosis?
Outbreak of Legionella associated with?
Community outbreaks associated with contaminated aerosolized water supplies
Biggest problem with Legionella?
Fibrinopurulent necrosis of pulmonary tissue
How does helicobacter pylori survive in the stomach?
Urease creates protective layer of ammonia around organism