Block 67, 68: Renal Flashcards Preview

Uworld Step 2 > Block 67, 68: Renal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Block 67, 68: Renal Deck (8)
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1

cryoglobinemia common presentaion

palpable purpura
glomerulonephritis
non-specific systemic symptoms
arthralgias
hepatosplenomegaly
peripheral neuropathy
hypocomplementemia
Hep C

2

most common cause of hypernatremia is? Treatment?

hypovolemia
- Severe: .9% saline
- mild cases: 5% dextrose in .45% saline

3

patients with end stage renal disease have 2 options, which one is better

dialysis
renal transplantation : better

4

patients with COPD have what metabolic problems? COPD exacerbation with cor pulmonale, txt and caution?

respiratory acidosis compensatory metabolic alkalosis
- diuretics can reduce cardiac heart rate and develop rerenal acute injury

5

patient has significant decrease in GFR in absence of another clear cause of renal dysfunction, minimal hematuria, and lack of improvement with volume resuscitiation, diagnosis

hepatorenal syndrome

6

what causes decrease in GFR in hepatorenal syndrome

splanchnic arterial dilation
- activates renin results in renal vasoconstriction, decreased GFR

7

characterize renal tubular acidosis

non-anion gap metabolic acidosis with perserved kidney function

8

define type 4 Renal tubular acidosis and who usually gets si

non-anion gap metabolic acidosis
hyperkalemic
mild-moderate renal insufficiency
- poorly controlled diabetes