Block 57: Lung Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 57: Lung Deck (14)
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1

one way to differenciate asthma from COPD

spirometry before and after administration of bronchodilator

2

primary long term drug for asthma

inhaled corticosteroids

3

primary long term drug for COPD

long-acting anticholinergic inhaler

4

bronchial thickening and dilation due to recurrent infection and inflammation

bronchiectasis

5

how do you diagnose bronchiectasis

CT chest

6

Chest-Xray for bronchiectasis

linear atelectasis
dilated and thickened airways
irregular peripheral opacities

7

First step in evaluation of solitary pulmonary nodules is

obtain pervious radiographic lung image
- if not, get CT
- no growth for 2-3 years rules out malignancy

8

chest X-ray for histoplasma

Hilar lymphadenopathy
reticulonodular

9

bronchobiospy for histoplasma shows

granulomas with yeast forms

10

what does lung abcess look like on Chest X-ray

cavity with air fluid level

11

mainstay symptom management for COPD

inhaled anti-muscarinic agent
ipratropium

12

what is the well's criterai? how does D-dimer play a role

asses pretest probability for Pulmonary embolism

- low criteria and negative D-dimer can exempt PE
- high criteria and positive D-dimer,more tests

13

hypoxia, hypocapnia, respiratory alkalosis,
CHF or COPD?

CHF

14

what is found in an empyema

low [glucose] due to high metabolic activity of leukocytosis and bacteria within pleural fluid