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Flashcards in Pediatric 11 Deck (23)
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1

Most common cause of vaginal bleeding in neonatal period is? treatment?

maternal wihdrawal of estrogen
- self limited
- no treatment

2

micrognathia

small jaw

3

Cutis aplasia

absence of epidermis over the skill

4

Cutis aplasia is seen in what sydnrome

Trisomy 13 Patau syndrome

5

common consequence of congenital muscular torticollis

Positional plagiocephaly: flattening of the head with ipsilateral anterior displacement of ear and forehead

6

Most common leukemia in children

acute lymphoblastic leukemia

7

what confirms diagnosis for acute lymphoblastic leukemia

bone marrow biopsy

8

common hip disorder seen in overweight adolescents

slipped capital femoral epiphysis

9

Werdnig-Hoffmann disease

Spinal muscular atrophy
- symmetric proximal muscle weakness and hyporeflexia

10

Fanconi anemia

autosomal recessive
- caused by chromosomal breaks
- congential marrow failure, poor growth, morphologic abnormalities, macrocytic anemia

11

what does dysgerminoma secrete

LDH and beta-hCG

12

what do granulosa cell tumors secrete

estrogen

13

treatment for cephalohematoma

no treatment, will regress

14

5 findings for Kawasaki

1. nonexudative conjunctivitis
2. extremity changes cervical lymphandenopathy
3. oral mucosal changes
4. polumorphous rash

15

First line treatment for atopic dermatitis

topical emollients

16

Important risk factors for respiraotry distress syndrome

- prematurity
- maternal diabetes mellitus

17

what solution fluid should be given for hypovolemic hypernaterma baby

isotonic solutions

18

In order to rule out proteinuria what should you do

- 2 separate occasions to rule out upresistent proteinuria

19

chronic constipation is a risk factor for what in children

recurrent cystitis in toddler
- rectal distention, compresses bladder, urinary stasis

20

what does homocystinuria have in addition to marfanoid body habitus

- intellectual disability
- downward lens dislocation
- hypercogulabilty

21

Orchiopexy is perfromed to preven what

- testicular torsion
-improve fertility
- decrease risk of testicular malignancy

22

treatment for tinea corporis

clotrimazole
terbinafine

23

Wiskott-Aldrich

thrombocytopenia
eczema
recurrent infections