Block 72: Neurology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 72: Neurology Deck (24)
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1

what causes normal pressure hydrocephalus

decrease in CSF absorption

2

What causes Parkinsonism

- overactivity of cholinergic neurons
- underactivity of dopaminergic neurons in substangia nigra

3

waddling gait seen in

muscular dystrophy

4

CSF for Guillain-Barre

elevated proteins
everything else is normal

5

what should you suspect in a young obese female with a headache that is suggestive of a brain tumor, but with normal neuroimaging and elevated CSF pressure

Pseudotumor cerebri (idiopathic intracranial hypertension)

6

Treatment for pseudotumor cerebri

weight reduction
acetazolamide

7

How is the variant of frontotemporal dementia differentiated from other dementing illnesses

early personality changes
compulsive behaviors
earlier stage of onset
strong hereditary component

8

when looking at a CT which side the patients right and left

left side of CT is patient's left

9

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of body

10

acute exacerbation of MS with disabling neurologic symptoms are treated with? 2nd line?

glucocorticoids
- plasmaphersis

11

Chronic maintenance therapy in MS patients with relapsing-remitting or secondary, progressive forms of MS

interferon beta or glatiramer

12

role of Baclofen

muscle relaxant

13

what are lewy bodies

eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions

14

progressive bilaterally symmetric hearing loss (high-pitch) with subjective tinnitus, advanced age, and absence of other neurologic signs suggest

presbycusis (age-related hearing loss)

15

vertigo, unilateral tinnitus, sensorineural hearing loss

acoustic neuroma

16

Vertigo, tinnitus, sensorineural hearing loss

Meniere disease

17

progressive conductive hearing loss with a normal otoscopic examination

otosclerosis

18

- Loss of pain and temperature over ipsilateral and contralateral body
- ipsilateral bulbar muscle weakness
- vertigo/nystagmus
- Horner's syndrome
-

Wallenberg syndrome
Lateral medullary infarct

19

mini mental status exam has a score of what for dementia

24/30

20

acute painless monocular vision loss that persists for several hours

central retinal artery occlusion

21

fundoscopy for central vein occlusion

- dilated and tortuous veins , scattered and diffuse hemorrhages
- disk swelling

22

Progressive mulitfocal leukoencaphalopathy

JC virus

23

patient with Parkinsonism experiences orthostatic hypotension, impotence, incontinence or other autonomic symptoms

multiple system atrophy

24

riley-Day Syndrome

Ashkenazi jewish ancestry
- severe orthostatic hypotension