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Remar Review > Burns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Burns Deck (27):
1

Superficial (1st degree):

Superficial (1st degree): Red, dry, painful

2

Superficial partial thickness (2nd degree):

Superficial partial thickness (2nd degree): Red, moist, painful, blanches,clear blisters

3

Deep partial thickness (2nd degree):

Deep partial thickness (2nd degree):

Red and white, moist, painful, less blanching,bloody blisters,

4

Full thickness burn (3rd degree):

Full thickness burn (3rd degree): White/Brown, dry, leathery, painless, no blanching

Grafting needed

5

4th degree burns, which are characterized

This patient has 4th degree burns, which are characterized by the following: black, eschar, dry, painless, no blanching

6

What is the formula used to determine fluid replacement for the first 24 hours?

Parkland formula

7

How much of the fluid do you do you give in the first eight hours?

1/2 of total volume

8

How much do you give for the second eight hours?

1/4 0f total fluid volume

9

How much fluid do you give for the third eight hours??

1/4 of total fluid volume

10

Should you bust a blister?

No

11

What is the best route for pain meds?

IV

12

Would diet is appropriate for thus clients?

Hi calories, high-protein

13

What is the common electrolyte problem in clients with burns?

Hypokalemia or hyperkalemia both can be seen in clients with burns

14

Do superlong stress, clients are at risk for what types of ulcers?

Curling's ulcer

15

What medication should be given before dressing changes ?

Pain medication

16

What are the two age groups most at risk burn injury?

The elderly and children

17

What are the four types of burns?

Thermal, Chemical, radiation, and electrical

18

If the face/Neck has been burned what is the nursing Priority?

Airway obstruction

19

You use what rule to estimate the body surface area that has been burned?

Rule of nines

20

What is the parkland formula?

4ml of LR x wt (kg) x % of body burn

21

Head =

9% (4.5 each front and back )

22

Chest/upper back =

18% ( 9 each front and back )

23

Abdomen/ Lower back

18% ( 9 each front and back )

24

Each arms

9% (4.5 each front and back )

25

Each leg

18% ( 9 each front and back )

26

Each palm is

1%

27

Genitals

1%

Decks in Remar Review Class (149):