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Flashcards in CVA Deck (19):
1

Define the term CVA

Reduction of cerebral blood flow and oxygen causing brain cell damage

2

The most common cause of CVA are?

Embolism, hemorrhage, thrombus

3

What are the 8 signs of CVA?

Compliant complaints of

1.)headache,

2.) hypertension,

3.), nausea

4.)slow bounding pulse,

5.)speech changes,

6.)facial droop,

7.)nuchal rigidity,

8.)Cheyne-strokes respirations!

4

What is the difference between CVA and TIA?

TIA isA temporary period. Of Neurological deficit. It has similar signs a CVA, but the symptoms will all resolve.

5

What is agnosia?

Inability to use an object correctly

6

Expressive aphasia occurs when

Client cannot communicate properly (Aphasia can be expressive or receptive )

7

If the left hemisphere is affected u will see weakness on ___ side

Right

8

If the right hemisphere is affected u will see weakness on ___ side

Left

9

Remember to place the client's belongings on ___ side

Unaffected

10

The test used to determine a CVA are?

CT

EEG

cerebral arteriography

11

What are the nursing assessments

1.)Neuro checks

2.) check swallowing ability

3.) watch for seizures and ICP

4.) monitor VS

12

What complication of the eyes can a client with a CVA have

Corneal abrasion because lacrimal glands will not produce secretions

13

What is the activity level for this client

Strict bed rest

14

How should the room environment be?

Quiet, peaceful and objects within reach

15

How do you position the CVA client?

Turn every 2hrs on unaffected side

Every 20 minutes on affected side and make sure to elevate affected extremities

16

Why would a thrombolytic be given

To dissolve clots

17

Don't give thrombolytic if the cause is

Hemorrhage

18

What other medications may be prescribed to treat A CVA?

1.) anti-hypertension

2.) Anti-coagulants ( not for hemorrhage stroke)

3.) anti-convulsants

19

Do anti-coagulants like Coumadin and aspirin dissolve clots?

No they only thin the blood, they do not dissolve clots

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