GI MEDS Flashcards Preview

Remar Review > GI MEDS > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI MEDS Deck (18):
1

Ipecac syrup

Action- starts nausea and vomiting

Teaching- uses for ingestion of poisons or overdoses. Call poison control center first!

2

Compazine (Prochlorperazine)-anti-psychotic
(pro-klor-PEAR-a-zeen)/

/promethazine -anthimine

(proe-METH-a-zeen)

Action- stops nausea and vomiting

Teaching-* pysch med that can be used for nausea

3

Zofran(ondansetron)
on-DAN-se-tron

Action- stops nausea and vomiting

Teaching - give 30 min before chemo/1hr before radiation

4

(diphenoxylate hydrochloride and atropine sulfate) Lomotil



dye-fen-OX-i-late , AT-roe-peen SUL-fate


(Loperamide) Imodium

Lo-PEAR-a-mide

Action - stop diarrhea

Teaching- watch for constipation. Be careful if giving to patient with C-Difficle or other infectious diarrhea

5

Lactulose

Action-Starts diarrhea

Teaching-PO laxative that is given to reduce ammonia levels. Works within 15 minutes

6

Kayexalate (Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate )

Sodium pol-ee-STYE-reen SUL-foe-nate

Action- Starts diarrhea

Teaching-PO Laxative that is given to reduce potassium levels . Works within 15 minutes

7

3 Other drugs that work as a laxative

Milk of magnesia ,

docusate
(DO q sate)

metamucil- bulking forming fiber laxative

Met ta mu cell

8

Maalox

Antacid

Action - Stop stomach acid

Teaching- give 1 hr after meals. Take with full glass of water

9

Tums

Antacid

Action - Stop stomach acid

Teaching- give 1 hr after meals. Take with full glass of water

10

Milk of magnesia

Antacid

Action - Stop stomach acid

Teaching- give 1 hr after meals. Take with full glass of water

11

(Famotidine)

fa-mO-ti-deen


Pepcid
Histamine 2 blocker H2 blockers

Action- stop stomach acid

Teaching - give with or before meals

12

(Cimetidine)

(Ci-MET-ti-deen)

Tagamet

Histamine 2 blocker H2 blockers

Action- stop stomach acid

Teaching - give with or before meals

13

(Ranitidine)
(ra-NI-ti-deen)


Zantac
Histamine 2 blocker H2 blockers

Action- stop stomach acid

Teaching - give with or before meals

14

Omeprazole

Protein pump inhibitor

Action- stop stomach acid

Teaching-give before meals in the morning

15

Pantroprazole

Protein pump inhibitor

Action- stop stomach acid

Teaching-give before meals in the morning

16

Protein pump inhibitors

Drugs ending in prazole

17

(Sucralfate)

sue-KRAL-fate

carafate
Action-Protects the mucosal lining of the stomach

Teaching-give PO and take on and empty stomach. Do not give with Coumadin or dilantin

18

If you have a patient on multiple GI medications give them how many hours apart?

Example(protein pump inhibitor, antacid,etc)

1 hour

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