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Remar Review > AIDS > Flashcards

Flashcards in AIDS Deck (16):
1

What is the virus that causes AIDS?

HIV

2

How is HIV transmitted?

1.Sexual intercourse

2.Direct contact with infected fluid such blood and body fluids (semen, breastmilk)

3.HIV mother gives birth to baby

3

What are the 5 symptoms of HIV?

1.Fever

2.Weight loss

3.Diarrhea

4. Night sweats

5. Fatigue

4

How is the presence of HIV confirmed?

The ELISA test
•If it's positive then it followed up with the western blot test

5

How does HIV attack the body?

It attracts the immune system by destroying the T-lymphocytes aka CD4 cells

The virus replicates its self rapidly

6

What CD4 cells do?

They help the immune system + they recognize and fight pathogens

7

Y is CD4 count important?

The lower the CD4 count the more damage the virus had done to the body

8

What is a normal CD4 count?

700-1000

9

What is the normal CD4 count in a client with HIV?

Anything at or above 500 the client is considered in good health! If it's below 500 , HIV has progress to AIDS

10

If the CD4 count is below 200

The client is risk for opportunistic infections

11

List 5 opportunistic infections

-oral pharyngeal canididal ( mouth infection)
-Kaposi's sarcoma( skin cancer)
-pneumocystis pneumonia
-cytomegalovirus ( blindness)
-meningitis

12

What is the goal of HIV meds?

To Interfere with the virus replicating

13

What are the most important HIV meds to know??

Zidovudine (AZT, RETROVIR)

14

Which isolation precaution are used with HIV?

Universal precautions

Pt don't have to tell they have HIV

treat everybody as if their infected

15

How do precautions change with AIDS?
If the client has has a low CD4 count and is at risk for opportunistic infections: Implement


-private room
-reverse isolation
RN wears gowns, googles, mask when in directed contacted with blood or body fluids

16

What are the teaching points for parents who have a child with HIV?

-clean up body fluids/blood with 10:1 water/ bleach ratio

- get all immunization except

1.MMR,
2.Varicella,
3.oral poliovirus because these are live immunization

- high calories, high protein diet

- gloves when changing diapers

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