Substance Abuse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Substance Abuse Deck (15):
1

Most alcoholics are in:

Denial so Nursing communication should be objective and non judgemental

2

Alcohol Withdrawal 5 symptoms:

Anxiety
Agitation
Sweating
Tachycardia
Tremors

3

1st sign of alcohol withdrawn

Sweating

4

Treatment for alcoholism

Regular diet and multivitamin and abstain from alcohol

5

Wernicke’s syndrome

Neruo changes due to low thiamine (vit B1 deficiency ) confusion and blackouts!

6

Korsafoff’s psychosis:

Delirium , confusion , short term memory loss

7

Medications for Alcoholism-NO CURE ONLY ABSTINANCE



Antibuse (disulfiram): dye-SUL-fi-ram
Librium: (Chlordiazepoxide)
klor-dye-az-e-POX-ide

8

Antibuse (disulfiram)

dye-SUL-fi-ram

Will causes extreme nausea and vomiting ! Stomach pain!!!

They can't have anything with alcohol in it
Mouthwash
Icing
Cough syrup
Hand sanitizer
Cough drops

9

Librium:
Chlordiazepoxide
klor-dye-az-e-POX-ide

Is a central nervous system depressant ! It creates a response In the body like alcohol because alcohol depresses everything !

Is a temporary medication

Nor driving or operation heaving machinery !

10

Regular ETOH witdrawl place in a _____ room

If the pt is having severe delirium tremors they need to be in a private room. Place in restraints . Get dr order within 2 hours of putting on a restraints

Regular ETOH witdrawl place in a shared room

If the pt is having severe delirium tremors they need to be in a private room. Place in restraints . Get dr order within 2 hours of putting on a restraints

11

Severe ETOH Withdrawls treatment

5 interventions

Bed rest
Restraints
Benzodiazepine like Ativan
BP meds for BP control
Seizure precautions

12

Narcotics-


Pt with narc Withdrawls r in a _______ room Except if they're _______ (___ ) because they have ____ like symptoms

A addictive substance that alters pain or mood

Pt with narc Withdrawls r in a shared room Except if they're post op (surgery ) because they have flu like symptoms

13

Narcotics withdrawal symptoms

Looks like some1 having the flu
Chills
Fever
Diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting

14

Treatment for Narcotics withdrawal is?

Supportive care
Monitor vs , temp
U can give methadone( short term drug) so u can’t And use it as a permanent fix for some1 who is addicted to Narcotics

15

Alcoholism=

Alcoholism-excessive consumption and ; dependence

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