Substance Abuse Flashcards Preview

Remar Review > Substance Abuse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Substance Abuse Deck (15)
1

Most alcoholics are in:

Denial so Nursing communication should be objective and non judgemental

2

Alcohol Withdrawal 5 symptoms:


Sweating
Anxiety
Agitation
Tremors
Tachycardia

3

1st sign of alcohol withdrawn

Sweating

4

it’s 3 things for the Treatment for alcoholism ?

Regular diet and multivitamin and abstain from alcohol

5

Wernicke’s syndrome

What type of deficiency causes it?

Names some symptoms?

What is the role thiamine?

Neruo changes due to low thiamine (vit B1 deficiency ) confusion and blackouts!


Thiamine (B1)
plays a role in metabolizing glucose to produce energy for the brain

6

:

Describe the 3 symptoms Korsafoff’s psychosis?

Delirium , confusion , short term memory loss

7

Medications for Alcoholism-NO CURE ONLY ABSTINANCE



Antibuse (disulfiram): dye-SUL-fi-ram
Librium: (Chlordiazepoxide)
klor-dye-az-e-POX-ide

8

Antibuse (disulfiram)

dye-SUL-fi-ram

What will this med cause?

What can’t they have (7)?

Will causes extreme nausea and vomiting ! Stomach pain!!!

They can't have anything with alcohol in it
Mouthwash
Icing
Cough syrup
Hand sanitizer
Cough drops

NO:
1.)mouthwash,
2.)aftershaves,
3.)perfumes/colognes,
4.)alcohol-based hand santizers
5.)insect repellants,
6.)-elixer (Robitussin),
7.),un-cooked icings (vanilla extract)...
However, they CAN have RED WINE VINAGERETTE

9

Librium:
Chlordiazepoxide
klor-dye-az-e-POX-ide


What is it ?

What does it create ?

Is this A permanent or temporary medication?

What can’t they operate?

Is a central nervous system depressant ! It creates a response In the body like alcohol because alcohol depresses everything !

Is a temporary medication

Nor driving or operation heaving machinery !

10

Regular ETOH witdrawl place in a _____ room

If the pt is having severe delirium tremors they need to be in a _______room. Place in _____ . Get dr order within ____hours of putting on a restraints

Regular ETOH witdrawl place in a shared room

If the pt is having severe delirium tremors they need to be in a private room. Place in restraints . Get dr order within 2 hours of putting on a restraints

11

Severe ETOH Withdrawls treatment

5 interventions

Bed rest
Restraints
Benzodiazepine like Ativan
BP meds for BP control
Seizure precautions

12

Narcotics- what is narcotic?


Pt with narc Withdrawls r in a _______ room Except if they're _______ (___ ) because they have ____ like symptoms

A addictive substance that alters pain or mood

Pt with narc Withdrawls r in a shared room Except if they're post op (surgery ) because they have flu like symptoms

13

Narcotics withdrawal symptoms

(Note) flu like 4 symptoms?

Looks like some1 having the flu

Fever
Chills
Diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting

14

Treatment for Narcotics withdrawal is?



U can give methadone( short term drug) so u can’t And use it as a permanent fix for some1 who is addicted to Narcotics

Monitor vs , temp

Supportive care

15

Alcoholism=

Alcoholism-excessive consumption and ; dependence

Decks in Remar Review Class (169):