Sickle Cell Anemia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sickle Cell Anemia Deck (10):
1

How is this condition inherited ?

A child receives the gene from both parents.

2

How long do sickled RBCs live compared to normal RBCs?

6-20 days: normal is 120

3

What does this put the pt at risk for ?

Anemia

4

What test determines sickle cell

Hemoglobin- shows anemia

Sickle testing of blood

5

The acute exacerbation of sickle cell anemia is called__

Sickle cell crisis or Vaso-occlusive crisis

6

The most common cause ?

Dehydration

7

This causes the SIckled blood to do what ??

Clot

8

How do you treat a sickle cell crisis?

Hydrate with Oral and IV fluids

Give O2 to increase tissue perfusion

A blood transfusion maybe needed

Give pain meds - very painful

9

During a sickle cell crisis which intervention is done first---do O2 or hydrate with IV FLUIDS?

Hydrate with IV fluids

Remember during a crisis the blood is clumped together , so the goal is to decrease the viscosity of the blood . O2 will not reverse the cause . It will only prevent more clumping

10

Is this Autsomal trait recessive or dominant?

Recessive; most commonly seen in African American

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