Cancer Flashcards Preview

Remar Review > Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer Deck (18):
1

Cancer

Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells

2

Metastasis

When the cancer cells travels from the original location to a new place

3

What acronym is used to describe the warning sign of cancer

C.A.U.T.I.O.N

4

What do the letters stand for in caution

C-change in bowel or bladder
A-any sore that does not heal
U-unusual bleeding or discharge
T-thickening in the breast
I-indigestion
O-obvious change in wart
N-nagging cough or hoarseness

5

What are the two ways to describe a tumor

By grading or staging

6

What is Grading

Grading describes a Tumor by the cells

7

What is staging

Staging describe the progression of a tumor by the clinical symptoms

8

What are the three types of radiation treatment

External Unsealed

Internal sealed

Internal

8

What is the most dangerous type of radiation

Sealed internal radiation

Because a solid radiation implant is placed inside the tumor

10

What precautions must be taken for a client receiving radiation treatment

1.) private room/bathroom
2.) place sign at door and bedside
3.)rotate nursing staff who provide care
4.) limit visitors

11

What additional precautions must be taken for clients receiving sealed internal radiation

All body fluids are radioactive so use hazardous cleanup, glove/gown

12

What should you do if a clients sealed internal implant falls out

Pick it up with a long handle forceps and place it in a lead container

13

Chemotherapy works by destroying the

Cell walls

14

What are the 5 side effects of chemotherapy

1.Nausea
2.Anorexia
3.Alopecia-hair loss
4.Sterility-
5.Decrease bone marrow and platelets

15

Why is metoclopramide (reglan) given

To reduce nausea

16

Is alopecia from chemotherapy permanent

No it temporary

17

Is the sterility from chemotherapy permanent

Yes

18

Clients with cancer will also need

Neutropenic precautions

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