Flashcards in Ch 1 Deck (44):
Pile of land that existed 20,000 years ago connecting Asia and North America
First people to set foot on Beringia
The agricultural movement did what?
Liberated nomadic a from relying on hunting and gathering
What did the Natives trade with the Europeans and what did they get in return?
Beaver pelts for metal
Did men or women Native Americans convert to Christianity more?
What were contributing factors the the Native Americans dying?
- animal population wiped out by whites
- reliant on guns
- disease (measles, smallpox, influenza)
What is the term that refers to the exchanging of disease, crops, and livestock between Europe and the New World?
What percentage of population loss did Native Americans experience within the first century of white contact?
Self governing communities organized around lineage, similar to Native American communities.
Of what nationality were the first Europeans in Africa?
Why did the Portuguese travel to Africa?
Gold and Slaves
What group of people established the first settlements in the New World?
What Viking founded Greenland?
Erik the Red
European Movement that focused on expansion of arts, sciences, and literacy.
The new political system in England founded during the Renaissance Era.
The New Monarchs
This person mapped the known world and discovered that the world was round, during the renaissance era
Political authority and geographical advances made this country a world power in 1500
Men that traveled to the New World in search of glory and riches
Where did Columbus want to sail to?
Who did Columbus initially propose his plan to sail to Cathay to?
The King of Portugal
What country gave Columbus financial backing to travel to Cathay?
Where did Columbus think he had landed upon discovering the New World?
Which conquistador proved that the New World was distinct from Asia. (Hint: he named the new world after himself)
Which Spanish conquistador defeated the Aztecs in Mexico? Resulted in Spain becoming the most wealthy country in Europe
What was Mexico renamed after Cortes's victory?
Cruel system in which Spanish colonists were granted a plot of land and Native American slaves
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American descent
A person of mixed black and white descent
Which French explorer discovered Canada?
What country was Jaques Cartier originally in search for when he discovered Canada?
This French explorer settled Canada and founded Quebec
Samuel De Champlain
Forrest Runners, established settlements in Louisiana
Coureurs Des bois
First English explorer to travel to the New World
His marriage was one of the factors that initially kept England from exploring the new world
Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
Why did King Henry VIII divorce Catherine of Aragon?
She could not give him a son
Said that the King was the head of the church in England
Act of Supremacy
German Monk that challenged Roman Catholicism. Said that god spoke through the bible not through the pope or priests
Said that god had a predetermined fate for everyone. Calvinism named after him.
Queen that wanted to end religious turmoil
The defeat of the Spanish Armada refers to
King Philip II of Spain miserably attempting to dethrone the Queen Elizabeth
Englishman who executed Irish rebels without mercy (including women and children)
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
English colony in New World that mysteriously disappeared
Who was the leader of Roanoke?
Sir Walter Raleigh