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Flashcards in Ch 1 Deck (44):
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Pile of land that existed 20,000 years ago connecting Asia and North America

Beringia

1

First people to set foot on Beringia

Paleo- Indians

2

The agricultural movement did what?

Liberated nomadic a from relying on hunting and gathering

3

What did the Natives trade with the Europeans and what did they get in return?

Beaver pelts for metal

4

Did men or women Native Americans convert to Christianity more?

Men

5

What were contributing factors the the Native Americans dying?

- animal population wiped out by whites
- reliant on guns
- disease (measles, smallpox, influenza)

6

What is the term that refers to the exchanging of disease, crops, and livestock between Europe and the New World?

Colombian Exchange

7

What percentage of population loss did Native Americans experience within the first century of white contact?

90-95 %

8

Self governing communities organized around lineage, similar to Native American communities.

Stateless Societies

9

Of what nationality were the first Europeans in Africa?

Portuguese

10

Why did the Portuguese travel to Africa?

Gold and Slaves

11

What group of people established the first settlements in the New World?

Vikings

12

What Viking founded Greenland?

Erik the Red

13

European Movement that focused on expansion of arts, sciences, and literacy.

The Renaissance

14

The new political system in England founded during the Renaissance Era.

The New Monarchs

15

This person mapped the known world and discovered that the world was round, during the renaissance era

Plomoly

16

Political authority and geographical advances made this country a world power in 1500

Spain

17

Men that traveled to the New World in search of glory and riches

Conquistadors

18

Where did Columbus want to sail to?

Cathay (china)

19

Who did Columbus initially propose his plan to sail to Cathay to?

The King of Portugal

20

What country gave Columbus financial backing to travel to Cathay?

Spain

21

Where did Columbus think he had landed upon discovering the New World?

Indies

22

Which conquistador proved that the New World was distinct from Asia. (Hint: he named the new world after himself)

Amerigo Vespucci

23

Which Spanish conquistador defeated the Aztecs in Mexico? Resulted in Spain becoming the most wealthy country in Europe

Hernan Cortes

24

What was Mexico renamed after Cortes's victory?

New Spain

25

Cruel system in which Spanish colonists were granted a plot of land and Native American slaves

Encomienda System

26

A person of mixed Spanish and Native American descent

Mestizo

27

A person of mixed black and white descent

Mullato

28

Which French explorer discovered Canada?

Jacques Cartier

29

What country was Jaques Cartier originally in search for when he discovered Canada?

china

30

This French explorer settled Canada and founded Quebec

Samuel De Champlain

31

Forrest Runners, established settlements in Louisiana

Coureurs Des bois

32

First English explorer to travel to the New World

John Cabot

33

His marriage was one of the factors that initially kept England from exploring the new world

Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

34

Why did King Henry VIII divorce Catherine of Aragon?

She could not give him a son

35

Said that the King was the head of the church in England

Act of Supremacy

36

German Monk that challenged Roman Catholicism. Said that god spoke through the bible not through the pope or priests

Martin Luther

37

Said that god had a predetermined fate for everyone. Calvinism named after him.

John Calvin

38

Queen that wanted to end religious turmoil

Queen Elizabeth

39

The defeat of the Spanish Armada refers to

King Philip II of Spain miserably attempting to dethrone the Queen Elizabeth

40

Englishman who executed Irish rebels without mercy (including women and children)

Sir Humphrey Gilbert

41

English colony in New World that mysteriously disappeared

Roanoke

42

Who was the leader of Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

43

This persons book "The Principle of Navigations, Voyages, and Discoveries of the English Nation" was instrumental to encouraging Englishman that It was in England's best interest to colonizing the New World

Richard Hakluyt