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Flashcards in Ch 10 Deck (39):
0

Who were the two main parties during the Jacksonian Era?

Democrats and Whigs

1

What party did Andrew Jackson belong to?

Democrats

2

Refers to John Quincy Adams win over Jackson in the Election of 1824

Corrupt Bargain

3

Who were the major candidates in the Election of 1824?

John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson

4

Why was the Election of 1824 sent to the House of Reps for a decision?

Nobody had a majority of votes, (Jackson had a plurality, but not a majority)

5

Who gave support to John Quincy Adams in the House of Reps during the corrupt bargain?

Henry Clay

6

What position was Henry Clay appointed in John Quincy Adams cabinet?

Secretary of State

7

What was Jackson greatest claim to fame prior to his election?

Military Hero

8

What was Jackson prior to his election (other than a war hero)

- senator of Tennessee
- self taught lawyer

9

What was different about Jackson than other presidents?

He was not raised in a wealthy family, champion of the common man

10

Who was Jackson's opponent in the Election of 1828

John Quincy Adams

11

What was the first war Andrew Jackson fought in?

Revolutionary War

12

What was Jackson very distrustful of?

Monopolies, big business, and banks

13

Why did Jackson enter the White House with a heavy heart?

The death of his wife Rachel

14

Why did Jackson have the support of the planter elite and frontiersman?

He had promised to remove natives

15

What sparked the nullification crises?

The tariff of abomination

16

The nullification crises was between the federal government and what state?

South Carolina

17

Who led the South Carolina in the nullification crises?

Vice President John C Calhoun

18

Why did he southern states like to keep tariffs relevant in politics?

It kept slavery on a back burner

19

Senator from Massachusetts who accused states right of being treasonous

Daniel Webster

20

Senator of South Carolina who argued states rights

Robert Hayne

21

Bill that authorized invasion of South Carolina by federal troops to enforce the tariff

Force Bill

22

Refers to Jackson dismissing his entire cabinet because cabinet members wives where shunning Peggy Eaton

Peggy Eaton Affair

23

Who was John Eaton in Jackson's administration?

Secretary of War

24

Court case that said that the Cherokee tribe could only be dealt with by the federal government

Worcester V Georgia

25

Forced Cherokee nation to Oklahoma, one of the saddest parts of American History

Trail of Tears

26

What was Henry Clays view on the bank?

He Pro bank

27

Who was the president of the bank?

Nicholas Biddle

28

What was the fatal flaw made my Nicholas Biddle?

Trying to Recharter the bank 4 years early

29

What did Jackson do to the bill that would Recharter the bank early?

Vetoed it

30

Who was Jackson's opponent in the election of 1832?

Henry Clay

31

What did Jackson do to speed up the death of the bank?

Put the money from the national bank into state ("pet") banks

32

Political party made up of people who disliked Jackson

Whigs

33

What was different about Jackson's power as president compared to prior Presidents?

He used the power of veto not on a constitutional bases, but on the bases that certain laws went against his personal beliefs

34

Who wrote The Scarlett Letter?

Nathaniel Hawthorne

35

Who wrote Moby Dick?

Herman Melville

36

What did Van Burin believe about the two party system?

It was essential to having a successful democratic government, it was an effective check on the temptation to abuse power

37

What state was Van Burin a senator for?

New York

38

Who was Van Burin under Jackson's Administration?

Secretary of State