Flashcards in Ch 10 Deck (39):
Who were the two main parties during the Jacksonian Era?
Democrats and Whigs
What party did Andrew Jackson belong to?
Refers to John Quincy Adams win over Jackson in the Election of 1824
Who were the major candidates in the Election of 1824?
John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson
Why was the Election of 1824 sent to the House of Reps for a decision?
Nobody had a majority of votes, (Jackson had a plurality, but not a majority)
Who gave support to John Quincy Adams in the House of Reps during the corrupt bargain?
What position was Henry Clay appointed in John Quincy Adams cabinet?
Secretary of State
What was Jackson greatest claim to fame prior to his election?
What was Jackson prior to his election (other than a war hero)
- senator of Tennessee
- self taught lawyer
What was different about Jackson than other presidents?
He was not raised in a wealthy family, champion of the common man
Who was Jackson's opponent in the Election of 1828
John Quincy Adams
What was the first war Andrew Jackson fought in?
What was Jackson very distrustful of?
Monopolies, big business, and banks
Why did Jackson enter the White House with a heavy heart?
The death of his wife Rachel
Why did Jackson have the support of the planter elite and frontiersman?
He had promised to remove natives
What sparked the nullification crises?
The tariff of abomination
The nullification crises was between the federal government and what state?
Who led the South Carolina in the nullification crises?
Vice President John C Calhoun
Why did he southern states like to keep tariffs relevant in politics?
It kept slavery on a back burner
Senator from Massachusetts who accused states right of being treasonous
Senator of South Carolina who argued states rights
Bill that authorized invasion of South Carolina by federal troops to enforce the tariff
Refers to Jackson dismissing his entire cabinet because cabinet members wives where shunning Peggy Eaton
Peggy Eaton Affair
Who was John Eaton in Jackson's administration?
Secretary of War
Court case that said that the Cherokee tribe could only be dealt with by the federal government
Worcester V Georgia
Forced Cherokee nation to Oklahoma, one of the saddest parts of American History
Trail of Tears
What was Henry Clays view on the bank?
He Pro bank
Who was the president of the bank?
What was the fatal flaw made my Nicholas Biddle?
Trying to Recharter the bank 4 years early
What did Jackson do to the bill that would Recharter the bank early?
Who was Jackson's opponent in the election of 1832?
What did Jackson do to speed up the death of the bank?
Put the money from the national bank into state ("pet") banks
Political party made up of people who disliked Jackson
What was different about Jackson's power as president compared to prior Presidents?
He used the power of veto not on a constitutional bases, but on the bases that certain laws went against his personal beliefs
Who wrote The Scarlett Letter?
Who wrote Moby Dick?
What did Van Burin believe about the two party system?
It was essential to having a successful democratic government, it was an effective check on the temptation to abuse power
What state was Van Burin a senator for?