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Flashcards in Ch 24 Deck (62):
0

WWI was also known was the ______

Great War

1

Idea that countries were building up defenses

Militarism

2

Who were the central powers?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, eventually Bulgaria

3

Who were the triple entente (allies)

Great Britain, France, Russia

4

This was the belief in self determination, instead of being ruled over, different ethnic groups wanted freedom

Nationalism

5

Who was heir to the Austrian throne?

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

6

Were were Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie assassinated?

Sarejavo

7

Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand?

Gavrilo Princip

8

What secret society was Gavrilo Princip a part of?

The black hand

9

Who was the German leader during WWI?

Kaiser Wilhelm II

10

What did Kaiser Wilhelm do following the assassination of the archduke?

He offered a blank check to Austria-Hungary
He gave Serbs a 48 hour ultimatum to bring fourth those involved

11

Why didn't German leaders want a revolution in Austria ?

They didn't want to encourage a German revolution

12

This plan involved all competing alliances mobilizing at the same time

Schlieffen plan

13

Who did the Russians want the protect?

The Serbs

14

What did Germany want to avoid?

A two front war (with France and Russia)

15

What did the Germans want to capture?

Paris

16

Why did the Germans want paris?

They thought the Russians would be too slow to mobilize, would give them time to move forces out east and avoid attack from Russia

17

What caused a halt in German advancement through France

Trench warfare

18

This was the land in between German and French lines

No mans land

19

Now known as PTSD, many soldiers suffered from it after fighting in trenches

Shell shock

20

When plains were eventually used for dropping bombs and grenades

Dog fights

21

Who was the top ace for the us?

Eddie rickenbacker

22

Most famous German ace

The red Barron

23

This was Wilson's plan to increase funding and train volunteers in case we were dragged into the war

Program of preparedness

24

This attempted to keep all goods, even food out of Germany, millions starved

British blockade of Germany

25

This American passenger boat was drowned by German U Boats, killing 128 passengers

Lusitania

26

After the sinking of the French ship, this was issued by Germans to promise to only attack armed ships as long as the US got Britain to lift its blockade

Sussex pledge

27

This was an offering by Germans to Mexico to declare war on the US

Zimmerman Note

28

What happened after the Russians overthrew their czar?

They established a short period of democracy

29

Why did Wilson make a war pitch to congress?

To make the world safe for democracy

30

This act drafted American men to fight in the war

Selective service act

31

Who led the US army in WWI?

John J Pershing

32

This was the turning point in the war, where the US helped the French and British reclaim land taken by Germany

2nd battle of the Marne

33

Battle where US troops helped capture and defeat the Germans

Argonne Forrest

34

He became and American hero in Argonne Forrest

Sergeant York

35

System where merchant ships would travel in groups with naval protection to protect from German u boats

Convoy system

36

This was a committee created to advertise the war effort

Committee on public safety

37

Who headed the Committee on public safety?

George Creel

38

These acts made anything that hurt the war effort illegal

Espionage and sedation acts

39

This committee oversaw the production of goods in factories, it exemplified the government getting involved

War industry board

40

Who headed the war industry board

Bernard burach

41

Who headed the food administration committee?

Herbert Hoover

42

Gardens at home were called

Victory gardens

43

Who was the US Delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?

Woodrow Wilson

44

Who was the English delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?

David Lloyd George

45

Who was the Italian delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?

Vittorio Orlando

46

Who was then French delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?

George Clemenceau

47

These were things created by Wilson to keep peace for future generations

14 points

48

What was the 14th point?

League of Nations

49

Roosevelt worked with sec of war _____ to prepare the nation for war

Elihu root

50

John hay negotiated this treaty with the uk allowing for the construction of a canal

Hay pauncefote

51

This convention between the Colombians and the us gave the us a lease to build a canal

Hay-herran

52

This treaty with panama granted the us a canal

Hay bureau varilla treaty

53

This warned Latin America nations to keep their affairs in check or to face US intervention

Roosevelt corollary

54

This warned foreign corporations not to purchase harbors in Latin America

Lodge corollary

55

This agreement recognized Japanese dominance over Korea

Taft-Katsura

56

What did the Taft-Katsura agreement violate?

Open door policy

57

When japan promises to stop the flow of Japanese agricultural laborer a into the us

Gentlemen agreement

58

This agreement promised to maintain status quo in the pacific, uphold the open door policy, and support Chinese independence

Root-takhira

59

This policy promoted us financial and business interests abroad

Dollar diplomacy

60

Who implemented dollar diplomacy?

Taft

61

What did Wilson think about dollar diplomacy?

He rejected it