Flashcards in Ch 24 Deck (62):
WWI was also known was the ______
Idea that countries were building up defenses
Who were the central powers?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, eventually Bulgaria
Who were the triple entente (allies)
Great Britain, France, Russia
This was the belief in self determination, instead of being ruled over, different ethnic groups wanted freedom
Who was heir to the Austrian throne?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Were were Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie assassinated?
Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
What secret society was Gavrilo Princip a part of?
The black hand
Who was the German leader during WWI?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
What did Kaiser Wilhelm do following the assassination of the archduke?
He offered a blank check to Austria-Hungary
He gave Serbs a 48 hour ultimatum to bring fourth those involved
Why didn't German leaders want a revolution in Austria ?
They didn't want to encourage a German revolution
This plan involved all competing alliances mobilizing at the same time
Who did the Russians want the protect?
What did Germany want to avoid?
A two front war (with France and Russia)
What did the Germans want to capture?
Why did the Germans want paris?
They thought the Russians would be too slow to mobilize, would give them time to move forces out east and avoid attack from Russia
What caused a halt in German advancement through France
This was the land in between German and French lines
No mans land
Now known as PTSD, many soldiers suffered from it after fighting in trenches
When plains were eventually used for dropping bombs and grenades
Who was the top ace for the us?
Most famous German ace
The red Barron
This was Wilson's plan to increase funding and train volunteers in case we were dragged into the war
Program of preparedness
This attempted to keep all goods, even food out of Germany, millions starved
British blockade of Germany
This American passenger boat was drowned by German U Boats, killing 128 passengers
After the sinking of the French ship, this was issued by Germans to promise to only attack armed ships as long as the US got Britain to lift its blockade
This was an offering by Germans to Mexico to declare war on the US
What happened after the Russians overthrew their czar?
They established a short period of democracy
Why did Wilson make a war pitch to congress?
To make the world safe for democracy
This act drafted American men to fight in the war
Selective service act
Who led the US army in WWI?
John J Pershing
This was the turning point in the war, where the US helped the French and British reclaim land taken by Germany
2nd battle of the Marne
Battle where US troops helped capture and defeat the Germans
He became and American hero in Argonne Forrest
System where merchant ships would travel in groups with naval protection to protect from German u boats
This was a committee created to advertise the war effort
Committee on public safety
Who headed the Committee on public safety?
These acts made anything that hurt the war effort illegal
Espionage and sedation acts
This committee oversaw the production of goods in factories, it exemplified the government getting involved
War industry board
Who headed the war industry board
Who headed the food administration committee?
Gardens at home were called
Who was the US Delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?
Who was the English delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?
David Lloyd George
Who was the Italian delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?
Who was then French delegate who signed the treaty of Versailles?
These were things created by Wilson to keep peace for future generations
What was the 14th point?
League of Nations
Roosevelt worked with sec of war _____ to prepare the nation for war
John hay negotiated this treaty with the uk allowing for the construction of a canal
This convention between the Colombians and the us gave the us a lease to build a canal
This treaty with panama granted the us a canal
Hay bureau varilla treaty
This warned Latin America nations to keep their affairs in check or to face US intervention
This warned foreign corporations not to purchase harbors in Latin America
This agreement recognized Japanese dominance over Korea
What did the Taft-Katsura agreement violate?
Open door policy
When japan promises to stop the flow of Japanese agricultural laborer a into the us
This agreement promised to maintain status quo in the pacific, uphold the open door policy, and support Chinese independence
This policy promoted us financial and business interests abroad
Who implemented dollar diplomacy?